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01-17
GRE阅读方法课第二节
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#GRE阅读方法课第二节# passage3:
7. A C 8.A
passage4:
9 BC 10 AC
Passage0
句子分析:
1. No poet of our day has such a well-earned reputation for difficulty
as the Englishman Geoffrey Hill, and there are few whose moral
vision is so imperiously unsparing.
在我们的今天没有诗人有如此一个正当的的困难名誉,作为一个英国人GH
有很少人的道德观是如此的专制地严厉。
2. Of late, however, the almost
belligerent demands of Hill's severe and densely forbidding poetry
have taken an improbable turn: part of what's become daunting
about his work is simply keeping up with it all.
然而,近来,H的严峻地和密集地禁止诗歌的好战的需要已经做了一个不大可能的转变:
一部分对他的作品畏缩的人正在和他们联系
3. ''The Orchards of
Syon'' is Hill's fourth book in six years -- an ample output even for
poets of sunny disposition, but for one of Hill's penitential
austerity over the previous 50 years, it is something closer to a
mutinous outburst.
‘OS’是H在六年来的第四部作品---甚至对于阳光心情的诗人都是丰富的产出,
但是对于H的赎罪的朴素在先前的50年中,那是一些接近反抗的爆发
Passage1
embrace
ethos
steep
revive
句子分析:
1. Reviving the practice of using elements of popular music in
classical composition, an approach that had been in hibernation in
the United States during the 1960s, composer Philip Glass (born
1937) embraced the ethos of popular music in his compositions.
复兴了在古典作品中使用流行音乐的元素的习惯(这个方式在美国1960s期间是休眠状态),作曲家PG(生于1937)在他的作品中拥抱了这个流行音乐的社会思潮。
2. Glass based two symphonies on music by rock musicians David
Bowie and Brian Eno, but the symphonies’ sound is distinctively
his.
格拉斯以摇滚音乐家DB和BE的音乐为基础创造了两个交响乐,但是这些交响乐听上去和他的差别显著
3. Popular elements do not appear out of place in Glass’s
classical music, which from its early days has shared certain
harmonies and rhythms with rock music.
流行元素在格拉斯的古典音乐中没有不合适地出现,他的古典音乐从他的早期已经分享了和摇滚乐的确切的融洽和韵律
4. Yet this use of popular
elements has not made Glass a composer of popular music. His
music is not a version of popular music packaged to attract
classical listeners; it is high art for listeners steeped in rock rather
than the classics.
然而这个对于流行元素的使用没有使格拉斯成为一个流行音乐作曲家。
它的音乐不是一个被包装起来吸引古典音乐听众的流行音乐版本;它是一个高的艺术对于沉浸在摇滚乐而不是古典乐的听众
2018-01-17 19:19:30 来自 GRE 方法课作业
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Passage 0[br]标注生词:[br]moral vision 道德观;imperiously专横的;unsparing不宽恕的;belligerent好战的;severe严峻的;improbable不太可能的;daunting令人气馁的;ample充足的;sunny disposition开朗的性格;penitential忏悔;austerity紧缩;mutinous outburst起义爆发。[br]搞定生词;[br]主旨大意:[br]实在不会[br]Passage 1[br]标注生词[br]Ethos 精神[br]搞定生词[br]主旨大意:PG在自己的音乐里加入了流行音乐的元素,自成一派。他是一个在自己音乐里加入流行音乐的古典音乐家。[br]句子分析:[br]Reviving the practice of using elements of popular music in classical composition, an approach that had been in hibernation in the United States during the 1960s, composer Philip Glass (born 1937) embraced the ethos of popular music in his compositions.[br]句子类型:主从复合句[br]断句拆分:谓语:embraced;[br] 主干:composer Philip Glass embraced the ethos。[br] 从句:Reviving the practice of using elements of popular music in classical composition(动名词作状语)[br] an approach that had been in hibernation in the United States during the 1960s,(同位语)[br]意义理解:在古典音乐作曲中加入流行音乐元素的做法的复兴,这是一种在20世纪60年代一直沉寂的方式,作曲家PG包含了流行乐的气质在他的创作中。[br]Glass based two symphonies on music by rock musicians David Bowie and Brian Eno, but the symphonies’ sound is distinctively his.[br]并列句[br]谓语:based+ is[br]主句:Glass based two symphonies+ symphonies’ sound is distinctively his.[br]意义理解:G以两位盐滚乐手D和B的基础上建立了交响乐,但是交响乐的声音绝对是他自己的。[br]Popular elements do not appear out of place in Glass’s classical music, which from its early days has shared certain harmonies and rhythms with rock music.[br]主从复合句[br]谓语:appear[br]主干:Popular elements do not appear out of place in Glass’s classical music,[br]同位语从句:which from its early days has shared certain harmonies and rhythms with rock music.[br]意义理解:流行音乐的元素并未在G的古典音乐中显得不合适,从最早的时期,那些音乐就与摇滚乐有着特定的和声和节奏。[br]Yet this use of popular elements has not made Glass a composer of popular music. His music is not a version of popular music packaged to attract classical listeners; it is high art for listeners steeped in rock rather than the classics. [br]句型:简单句+并列句[br]谓语:made+ is+ is[br]主干:[br]意义理解:然而这些流行音乐的使用并未使得G成为一个流行音乐的作曲家他的音乐并不是包装着流行音乐的版本去吸引古典音乐听众;它是对沉浸在摇滚乐而不是古典乐中的听众的高雅艺术。[br]句间关系和段落结构:[br]Revive of Use pop mus;= PG use pop mus;=)based DB&BB;[br](------)symp sound is his;[br]PG not a pop musican;[br]重复概念:his composition; his music; classical music[br]Pop music出现的好多次;classical music 出现的多次[br]篇章结构和全文思路[br]翻译与扩展[br]Passage 2[br]摘抄汇总:[br]Binary:二元论;simultaneously:同时的;accretion:吸积[br]搞定生词:[br]主旨大意:主题:天文学;核心概念:bph+gih[br]句子分析:[br]The binary planet hypothesis—that Earth and the Moon formed simultaneously by the accretion of smaller objects—does not explain why the Moon’s iron core is so small relative to the Moon’s total volume, compared with Earth’s core relative to Earth’s total volume.[br]主干:The binary planet hypothesis does not explain sth.[br]从句:The binary planet hypothesis that Earth and the Moon formed simultaneously by the accretion of smaller objects[br] why the Moon’s iron core is so small relative to the Moon’s total volume, compared with Earth’s core relative to Earth’s total volume.[br]According to the giant-impact hypothesis, the Moon was created during a collision between Earth and a large object about the size of Mars.[br]简单句[br]主干:Moon was created[br]Computer simulations of this impact show that both of the objects would melt in the impact and the dense core of the impactor would fall as molten rock into the liquefied iron core of Earth.[br]主干:Computer simulations show sth;[br]从句:that= both of the objects would melt in the impact and the dense core of the impactor would fall as molten rock into the liquefied iron core of Earth.[br]The ejected matter—mantle rock that had surrounded the cores of both objects—would be almost devoid of iron. This matter would become the Moon.[br]主干:The ejected matter would be almost devoid of iron.[br] This matter would become the Moon.[br]从句:mantle rock that had surrounded the cores of both objects.[br]句间分析和段落结构[br]BPH:-- (moon’s iron core small—moon volume/---/earth )[br]GIH: collision(E and obj) [br]comp simulation: two object molten & iron core molten;[br]ejected matter – iron--*/moon[br]篇章结构和全文思路:[br]解释与扩展:[br]二元行星论——地球和月球都是小的颗粒的堆积而成的——不能解释为什么月球的铁核相对于其整体质量要小,相比于地球的铁核相对于地球的总量。根据大碰撞假说,月球是地球与火星体积的物体碰撞形成的。计算机模拟的这个碰撞显示两个星体都会在撞击中融化,撞击者的高密度的核心将会像融化的岩石一样进入地球的液态的铁核中。喷出的物体——原本环绕两个物体核心的岩石的地幔岩石——将会没有铁了。这些物质将会变成月球。[br]