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01-16
GRE填空方法课第五节
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#GRE填空方法课第五节# even though即使 表示转折
逻辑关系:formidable 强大的,可怕的,令人敬畏的
选BD
选B but转折,but后面强调尊敬,but前面强调不尊敬 应选负向的词
Later worker 和precursor 相对,but 表示转折,做对比,选F
.In sharp contrast,对比关系,广义反义,
Blank(i)
逻辑:with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress
选A
Blank(ii)
逻辑,与前面构成广义反义,E
2018-01-16 16:09:03 来自 GRE 方法课作业
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题目一:[br]1 功能:名词,修饰blizzard[br]2 概念:做定语定语[br]3 逻辑:even though表转折,前后两句广义反义[br]4 语义:空格与formidable的同义,因为unprepared是否定词[br]5 选择:选择BD.BD与formidable难对付的,可怕的同义。A. inevitability必然性B. ferocity凶猛、暴行C. importance重要性D. fierceness凶猛E. probability可能性F. mildness温和[br]6 检查:符合句意[br]题目二:[br]1 功能:名词,第一个between连接的两部分词性一致都是名词,第二个形容词literary修饰空格[br]2 概念:主语1813 reaction,谓语oscillated /。第二句主语writers,谓语have esteemed[br]3 逻辑:oscillated和more than 表示转折,广义反义[br]4 语义:condescension与空格反义 [br]5 选择:选AF[br]6 检查:符合句意[br]题目三:[br]1 功能:名词 [br]2 概念:主语 recent developments 谓语suggest [br]3 逻辑:in contrast to 表反义[br]4 语义:the intense _ of the young republic 与 a mood of almost unrelieved _反义,且与 its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress同义[br]5 选择:AE[br]6 检查:符合句意[br]题目四;[br]1 功能:动词、动词、形容词[br]2 概念:作谓语[br]3 逻辑:who为定语从句 同义 by contrast 反义[br]4 语义:who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance 与 systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools 同义 [br]managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success 与 view an environmental management system as extraneous 反义[br]5 选择:BEI[br]6 检查:符合句意
1.Even though formidable(强大的) winters are the norm in the Dakotas(达科他州), many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard(暴风雪) of 1888.[br]A. inevitability(不可避免)[br]B. ferocity(凶残)[br]C. importance(重要性)[br]D. fierceness(凶猛)[br]E. probability(可能性)[br]F. mildness(温和)[br]功能:名词,介词宾语[br]概念:blizzard暴风雪,填入其属性[br]逻辑:Even though表明了转折关系,前半句说强大的冬天,填入的应为广义同义的概念。[br]语义:填入很剧烈、猛烈等类似含义。[br]选择:BD[br]检查:即使强大的冬天在达科他州是很普遍的,许多人还是没有准备好1888年暴风雪的猛烈。[br]2.Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen’s has oscillated between_and condescension(自认为高人一等); but in general later writers have esteemed(尊敬) her works more highly than did most of her literary __.[br]Blank (i) [br]A adoration (爱慕)[br]B indifference (漠不关心)[br]C dismissal(解雇)[br]Blank (ii) [br]D contemporaries (同龄,同辈人)[br]E followers (追随者)[br]F precursors(先驱)[br]功能:两空均为名词,且都为介词宾语[br]概念:第一空相关概念有oscillate, condescension;第二空相关概念有literary, esteem[br]逻辑:but表示两个分句是转折的,than也表明后一个分句包含转折的意义[br]语义:第一空应填入褒义的词,第二空和later writers形成对应,应为“和作者同代的作家”含义;[br]选择:AD[br]检查:自从1813年以来对简·奥斯顿的反映在爱慕和屈尊之间徘徊;但是之后的作家通常比大多数同辈文学作家更尊敬她的作品。[br]3.In sharp contrast to the intense _ of the young republic, with its utopian(乌托邦的) faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress, recent developments suggest a mood of almost unrelieved(未减轻的) _.[br]Blank (i) [br]A idealism(理想主义)[br]B individualism (个人主义)[br]C assertiveness(魅力,自信)[br]Blank (ii) [br]D ambition(野心,雄心,抱负)[br]E cynicism (犬儒主义者)[br]F egalitarianism(平等主义)[br]功能:都是名词[br]概念:第一空相关概念有intense,young republic,第二空相关概念有mood和unrelieved[br]逻辑:contrast指出前后两空有着对比的意味语义:在第一空后面描述民主中乌托邦式的信念和人类永恒的进步,这是一种理想主义,后面一空与之相反的应为“犬儒主义”,贬义的[br]选择:AE[br]检查;与年轻的共和国高度的理想主义形成强烈对比的是,带着在民主中乌托邦式的信念和永恒的人类进步的希望,最近的发展表明了一种几乎未曾减轻的犬儒主义的情绪。[br]4.Managers who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools. By contrast, managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success may view an environmental management system as extraneous(没有关联的). In either situation, and whatever their perceptions, it is a manager’s commitment to achieving environmental improvement rather than the mere presence of a system that determines environmental performance.[br]BLANK1 [br]A eclipse (使······黯然失色)[br]B bolster (支持)[br]C degrade(贬低)[br]BLANK2 [br]D uncritically accept (生吞活剥)[br]E appropriately acknowledge (恰当认识)[br]F hotly dispute(激烈争议)[br]BLANK3 [br]G complementary (互补的)[br]H intrinsic (本质固有的)[br]I peripheral(外围次要的)[br]功能:前两空是填入谓语动词,最后一空填入形容词定语[br]概念:第一空相关概念有“环境表现”和“公司的财务表现”,第二空相关的概念有“设计的帮助管理环境状态的系统”,第三空相关的概念有“环境表现”和“金融成功”[br]逻辑:By contrast表明前后两句之间是对比关系,头两空应该是广义同义关系[br]选择:第一空、第二空应该填入和管理系统正关联的词,第三空应填入和管理系统负关联的词,选BDI[br]检查:那些认为强烈的环境表现会提升公司的财务绩效的经理通常会不加批判地接受设计来管理环境表现的系统是有价值的这样的观点。相反,那些认为环境表现对于公司财务业绩没用的经理认为环境管理系统是多余的。在任何一种情况下,无论他们的立场是什么,是经理的对于环境改善的承诺而不是一个系统的存在决定了环境的表现。[br]
N_W
第一题[br]1. 名词[br]2. 修饰blizzard, 主语为people, 谓语为were unprepared for[br]3. Even though:转折关系[br]4. the norm与unprepared语义对应,_ of the blizzard与formidable(可怕的,难以应付的) winters语义对应[br]5. inevitability 不可避免性[br] ferocity 猛烈性[br] importance 重要性[br] fierceness 猛烈性[br] probability 可能性[br] mildness 温和[br] 选B,D[br]6. 虽然严冬在dakotas是常态,许多人对1888年的暴雪并没有准备好。[br][br]第二题[br]1. 空格一为名词,空格二为名词[br]2. 空格一:主语为 reaction to Jane Austen’s,谓语为has oscillated。空格二:主语为later writers,谓语为have esteemed[br]3. but说明转折关系[br]4. 空格一:oscillate between说明空格与condescension(屈尊俯就)为广义反义。空格二:more than 说明later writers与空格为广义反义[br]5. adoration 爱慕[br] indifference 不关心[br] dismissal 解雇,不理会[br] 空格一选 A[br] contemporaries 同时代的人[br] followers 追随者[br] precursors 先驱[br] 空格二选 D[br]6. 自从1813年以来对Jane Austen作品的反应一直在爱慕与看低之间摇摆;但是总的来说以后的作家比她同时代的作家对她的作品有更高的评价[br] [br]第三题[br]1. 空格一和二都是名词[br]2. 空格一修饰 the young public,其他修饰成分为 its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress。空格二主语为 recent developments,谓语为 suggest,宾语为a mood。[br]3. with后面也是young public的定语,因此有复指关系。In sharp contrast to说明转折关系[br]4. utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress与空格一语义对应,广义同义。unrelieved _ 与the intense _ 广义反义。[br]5. idealism 理想主义[br] individualism 个人主义[br] assertiveness 强势[br] 空格一选A[br] ambition 理想[br] cynicism 犬儒主义[br] egalitarianism 平等主义[br] 空格二选E[br]6. 与新共和国强烈的理想主义形成强烈的反差,最近的发展表明完全的犬儒主义。[br]第四题[br]1. 空格一为动词,空格二为动词,空格三为形容词[br]2. 空格一:主语为 strong environmental performance,宾语为their company’s financial performance,这里their指这么想的managers。空格二:主语为managers,宾语为claims,后面一个从句解释说明claims。空格三:主语managers,谓语 perceive,宾语environmental performance,[br]3. By contrast说明转折关系[br]4. strong environmental performance与help them manage environmental concerns语义对应,valuable与空格一空格二语义对应,extraneous与空格三广义同义。[br]5. eclipse 使黯然失色[br] bolster 支持,改善,援助[br] degrade 使降级、退化[br] 空格一选 B[br] uncritically accept 不加鉴别地接受[br] appropriately acknowledge 恰当地承认[br] hotly dispute 热烈地争论[br] 空格二选 D[br] complementary 补充的[br] intrinsic 内在的本质的[br] peripheral 非本质的,周围的[br] 空格三选 I[br]6. 那些认为良好的环境表现可以支持促进公司的金融表现的经理常不加鉴别的接受主张说能帮他们管理环境问题的系统是有价值的系统。与他们不同,那些认为环境问题对金融表现没有本质影响的经理认为环境管理系统是不相关的。[br][br][br]