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As is graphically illustrated in the reading passage, the author asserts that archeology encountered some serious problems and limitations in the twentieth century in UK. Nonetheless, the professor contradicts all the views, and contends that the new guidelines and rules which have successfully addressed the problems mentioned in the reading passage concerning the preservation of artifacts were adopted in 1990. [br]To begin with, the writer argues that lots of precious artifacts were lost in the construction projects because careless and irresponsible construction projects are pursued without any regard for archeological preservation. This thesis is in stark contrast to the first point in the listening that any construction project should undergo an evaluation process in order for the archeological value of the site to be ascertained according to the new guidelines. Furthermore, if a site is determined to contain value projects, lots of builders, archaeologist and officials would gather together to make plans to preserve them. Thus, the speaker casts doubt on the objectivity of construction steps in the reading passage.[br]Moreover, the author also declares that the financial support for archaeological research by authority was not sufficient from many archaeologists' point of view. Which is the opposite of the second point in the lecture that the funding of archeological works was paid by construction company instead of government. It can be easily observed that archeologist can be allowed to study a far greater range of other sites because of a new financial source. Consequently, the professor disproves the authenticity of financial support in the reading passage.[br]Ultimately, the passage insists that the archaeology-related job opportunities were reduced so it is hard to have a position in archaeology career, which is opposed to the idea that there are plenty of new and paid work are provided due to the guidelines. Notably, such is case that archaeologists were hired to examine sites, draw plans, do research and write reports. The increase of job opportunities in Archaeology leads to the rise of the number of professional archaeologists in Britain. Therefore, the development archaeological career rendered the reading passage unconvincing.[br]
这个以前做过一次了,按照老师讲的再做一次,丰字形笔记确实清晰明了..[br]The lecture claims that the new policy, which allows people to work four-days’ work instead of five, will have negative effects for companies as well as society. This claim is not in agreement with that of the reading passage, which suggests that such a policy will be beneficial.[br]According to the lecture, a company that allows employees to have fewer working hours is likely to hire more people to ensure that it meets normal levels of productivity. If this occurs, expenses for training and medical insurance will inevitably rise. The reading passage, by contrast, suggest that employees who enjoy more leisure time make fewer mistakes and work more efficiently, leading to increased profits for the enterprise.[br]The second point of difference between the lecture and the reading passage concerns the impact of the policy on the unemployment rate. The lecturer asserts that for the sake of saving money, employers might raise their expectations of 4-day employees rather than recruit more people.[br]Consequently, employees who work 4 days will be force to finish what they did in 5 days previously, and no additional jobs will be created.[br]Finally, the lecturer argues that the new policy, employees will experience not only decreased quality of life (as shorter working hours will translate into less pay), but also fewer chances to be promoted to supervisory positions. However, the reading passage contends that more leisure hours can create opportunities to strengthen family ties and allow employees to develop private interests, making them feel more satisfied with their lives.[br]