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托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12
2016-05-18
【作业一】
请阅读下列文本,并完成阅读笔记。(可以在纸上写笔记,然后拍照上传)
In the United States, employees typically work five days a week for eight hours each day. However, many employees want to work a four-day week and are willing to accept less pay in order to do so. A mandatory policy requiring companies to offer their employees the option of working a four-day workweek for four-fifths (80 percent) of their normal pay would benefit the economy as a whole as well as the individual companies and the employees who decided to take the option. The shortened workweek would increase company profits because employees would feel more rested and alert, and as a result, they would make fewer costly errors in their work. Hiring more staff to ensure that the same amount of work would be accomplished would not result in additional payroll costs because four-day employees would only be paid 80 percent of the normal rate. In the end, companies would have fewer overworked and error-prone employees for the same money, which would increase company profits. For the country as a whole, one of the primary benefits of offering this option to employees is that it would reduce unemployment rates. If many full-time employees started working fewer hours, some of their workload would have to be shifted to others. Thus, for every four employees who went on an 80 percent week, a new employee could be hired at the 80 percent rate. Finally, the option of a four-day workweek would be better for individual employees. Employees who could afford a lower salary in exchange for more free time could improve the quality of their lives by spending the extra time with their families, pursuing private interests, or enjoying leisure activities.

【作业二】
请听以下听力内容,并完成听力笔记。(听力音频见底部,可以在纸上写笔记,然后拍照上传。听力文本和参考笔记见一楼。)

【作业三】
请分别用下列英文句型翻译中文句子。
一、给员工提供一周工作四天的选择并不会像阅读材料中说的那样影响公司利润、经济状况,或者员工的生活质量。
1. A will not affect B in the ways the reading suggests.
2. With A, B will not be changed as the reading mentions.
3. If A, B will not be influenced like what the reading says.

二、一周工作四天可能会使得公司的开销变大。
1. A will probably force B to spend more.
2. A will cause greater expenses for B.
3. Once A, it is more likely to make B’s spending increase.

【作业四】
请写一篇英文作文,总结听力中的内容要点,说明听力是如何反驳阅读中的内容的。






听力文本:
Offering employees the option of a four-day workweek won't affect the company profits, economic conditions or the lives of employees in the ways the reading suggests.
First, offering a four-day workweek will probably force companies to spend more, possibly a lot more. Adding new workers means putting much more money into providing training and medical benefits. Remember the costs of things like health benefits can be the same whether an employee works four days or five. And having more employees also requires more office space and more computers. These additional costs would quickly cut into company profits.
Second, with respect to overall employment, it doesn't follow that once some employees choose a four-day workweek, many more jobs will become available. Hiring new workers is costly, as I argued a moment ago. And companies have other options. They might just choose to ask their employees to work overtime to make up the difference. Worse, companies might raise expectations. They might start to expect that their four-day employees can do the same amount of work they used to do in five days. If this happens, then no additional jobs will be created and current jobs will become more unpleasant.
Finally, while a four-day workweek offers employees more free time to invest in their personal lives, it also presents some risks that could end up reducing their quality of life. Working a shorter week can decrease employees' job stability and harm their chances for advancing their careers. Four-day employees are likely to be the first to lose their jobs during an economic downturn. They may also be passed over for promotions because companies might prefer to have five-day employees in management positions to ensure continuous coverage and consistent supervision for the entire workweek.

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帖子数 32

陈映熹
05-18
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 【作业三】
请分别用下列英文句型翻译中文句子。
一、给员工提供一周工作四天的选择并不会像阅读材料中说的那样影响公司利润、经济状况,或者员工的生活质量。
1. A will not affect B in the ways the reading suggests.
Offering four-day workweek will not affect company's profit, financial situation and emplo...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 10:46:53 来自 托福作文咩
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 阅读部分:

- Main point: A mandatory policy requiring companies to offer their employees the option of working a four-day workweek for four-fifths (80 percent) of their normal pay would benefit the economy as a whole as well as the individual companies and the employees who decided to take the opti...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 11:05:42 来自 托福作文咩
周花花
05-18
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 【作业三】
一、给员工提供一周工作四天的选择并不会像阅读材料中说的那样影响公司利润、经济状况,或者员工的生活质量。
1. The option offered to employees will not affect the company profits, ecnomic conditions and life quality in the ways the reading suggests.
2. With the option offered to employees, the...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 11:57:48 来自 托福作文咩
beijizhu007
05-18
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 作业一:1.more rested and alert fewer costly errors;2.Hiring more staff the same money; fewer overworked and error-prone employees increase company profits;3.reduce unemployment rates improve the quality of their lives
作业二:1.company spend more eg training and medical benefits more off...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 12:18:23 来自 托福作文咩
叶夫Knife
05-18
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 作业三】
一、给员工提供一周工作四天的选择并不会像阅读材料中说的那样影响公司利润、经济状况,或者员工的生活质量。
1. The option offered to employees will not affect the company profits, ecnomic conditions and life quality in the ways the reading suggests.
2. With the option offered to employees, the c...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 14:27:00 来自 托福作文咩
Jackr
05-18
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 作业一
A mandatory policy requiring companies to offer their employees the option of working a four-day workweek for four-fifths (80 percent) of their normal pay would benefit the economy as a whole as well as the individual companies and the employees who decided to take the option.
作业三
一: 1....... 查看全部
2016-05-18 15:12:39 来自 托福作文咩
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12#  Part Three
1. Offering employees the option of working a four-day workweek will not affect the profit and economic situation of company or employees' life quality.
2. With offering employees the option of working a four-day workweek, the profit and economic situation of company or employees' life ...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 16:41:22 来自 托福作文咩
Zora奔向US
05-18
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 【作业三】请分别用下列英文句型翻译中文句子。
一、给员工提供一周工作四天的选择并不会像阅读材料中说的那样影响公司利润、经济状况,或者员工的生活质量。
1. A will not affect B in the ways the reading suggests.
2. With A, B will not be changed as the reading mentions.
3. If A, B will not be influenced li...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 19:13:04 来自 托福作文咩
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 1 The option of working 4 days a week will not affect a company's profits, the economic situations or the employees' quality of life.
2 With the option of working 4 days a week, a company's profits, the economic situations or the employees' quality of life will not be changed as the reading mentions...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 19:40:20 来自 托福作文咩
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 作业3:
一、给员工提供一周工作四天的选择并不会像阅读材料中说的那样影响公司利润、经济状况,或者员工的生活质量。
1. offering a four-day workweek choice will not affect companies's profits, economy condition or staff's life quality in the ways the reading suggests.
2. with offering a four-day workweek c...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 19:53:13 来自 托福作文咩
ccCindy
05-18
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 阅读笔记
Option:Work five days a week for 8h--four day 80%of normal pay
Company:increase company profits --employees :rested and alert, Make fewer costly errors; 80%percent;fewer overworked and error-prone employees for the same money.
Country :reduce unemployment rates;workload shift to others
Ind...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 21:15:02 来自 托福作文咩
ChannyLi
05-18
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 【作业三】
一、给员工提供一周工作四天的选择并不会像阅读材料中说的那样影响公司利润、经济状况,或者员工的生活质量。
1. Offering a four-day workweek will not affect the profit of company, ecnomics or the quality of employees life in the ways the reading suggests.
2. With offering a four-day workweek , ...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 21:27:52 来自 托福作文咩
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 【作业一】
请阅读下列文本,并完成阅读笔记。(可以在纸上写笔记,然后拍照上传)
In the United States, employees typically work five days a week for eight hours each day. However, many employees want to work a four-day week and are willing to accept less pay in order to do so. A mandatory policy requir...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 21:37:06 来自 托福作文咩
oxdh
05-18
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12#
一、给员工提供一周工作四天的选择并不会像阅读材料中说的那样影响公司利润、经济状况,或者员工的生活质量。
1. A will not affect B in the ways the reading suggests.
Providing a choice of working four days during a week will not affect companys’ profit,economic conditions or employees’ quality of life
...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 22:00:32 来自 托福作文咩
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 【作业一】
five days a week eight hours each day
many want to work 4 days, accept less pay
policy requiring companies to offer the option of working 4 days, 80 percent salary
short workweek increase profits: less errors
company has fewer overworked and error-pone employees
primary benefit: lower une...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 22:27:25 来自 托福作文咩
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# #托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12#暂时鸽一下
2016-05-18 22:43:02 来自 托福作文咩
hploved
05-18
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 参考答案:
The lecturer claims that the new policy, which allows people to work four days a week instead of five, will have negative effects for companies as well as society. This claim is not in agreement with that of the reading passage, which suggests that such a policy will be beneficial.
Accord...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 22:47:56 来自 托福作文咩
#托福作文咩第 10 期 Day 12# 一、
1.Offering employees the option of a four-day workweek won't affect the company profits, economic conditions or the lives of employees in the ways the reading mentions.
2.WIth offering employees the option of a four-day workweek,the company profits, economic conditions or the lives of employees...... 查看全部
2016-05-18 22:50:13 来自 托福作文咩
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