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08-01
GRE填空方法课第五节
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#GRE填空方法课第五节# 1.功能:n.状语
2.概念:blizzard people unprepared
3.逻辑:even though 转折
4.语义:formidable winter=blizzard norm<>unprepared formidable=()
5.选择:B和D都有凶猛、猛烈的意思,所以选BD。
6.检查:尽管严酷的冬天在Dakotas很常见,很多人依然没有为1888年那场猛烈的暴风雪做好准备。
1.功能:n. 状语;定语
2.概念:Jane Austen, oscillated, condescension, literary
3.逻辑:oscillate between... and...对比;but 转折
4.语义:()<>condescension,Jane Austen's=her works, condescension<>esteemed, later writers<>literary ( )
5.选择:adoration与condescension有正反态度的对比,later与contemporary相对比,所以选择AD
6.检查:从1813年起对简奥斯丁的作品的评价在喜爱与指责中摇摆,但总体来说后代的作家对她作品的评价远远比与她同代的作家高。
1. 功能:n. In sharp contrast to...作状语;a mood of almost unrelieved...作宾语
2. 概念:intense,young republic, developments, mood
3. 逻辑:in sharp contrast to 对比
recent 时间对比
4. 语义:intense=unrelieved,
faith=hopes, 要填的词之间反义
5. 选择:utopian faith 和hopes for eternal human progress说明是一种理想主义,与理想主义相对的就是犬儒主义,所以选择AE。
6. 检查:与年轻的共和国强烈的理想主义,对民主的乌托邦信仰和对人类永恒进步的希望形成鲜明对比的是,最近的事态发展显示出一种几乎无法缓解的愤世嫉俗情绪。
1.功能:v.谓语,谓语 不定式宾补
2.概念:Managers,strong environmental performance, financial performance, financial success
3.逻辑:by contrast 对比
4.语义:environmental performance<>financial performance; valuable tools<>extraneous; 一三格语义相对
5.选择:extraneous说明他们认为环境与经济无关,所以选peripheral。一三相对,所以第一格选环境表现会促进经济增长,从而推出他们会欣然接受管理环境的系统是宝贵的工具这个说法所以最终选BDI。
6.检查:那些认为良好的环境绩效可以提高公司财务业绩的经理们,往往不加批判地接受了旨在帮助他们管理环境问题的系统是有价值的工具的说法。通过
与此相反,那些认为环境绩效与财务成功无关的管理人员可能认为环境管理系统是无关紧要的。无论在哪种情况下,也无论他们的看法如何,决定环境绩效的是管理者对实现环境改善的承诺,而不仅仅是一个系统的存在。
2020-08-01 11:11:17 来自 GRE 方法课作业
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1.[br]功能:n. [br]概念:many people were unprepared for ,of the blizzard of 1888.[br]逻辑:even though 尽管,即使[br]语义:前面说了formidable winters是norm,但是后面仍然是unprepared的,而且formidable winters 就能说明是怎么样的blizzard[br]选词:B:凶猛,D:凶猛 同义词[br]检查:句子意思通顺[br]2.[br]功能:(i)n. 作宾语 (ii)n. 做主语[br]概念:oscillated between,condescension;most of her literary did[br]逻辑:but 转折[br]语义:根据oscillate between第一空与condescension应该是相反的,第二空与later writer是应是相反的[br]选词:A:adoration 喜爱,D:contemporaries 同代人[br]检查:语义通顺[br]3.[br]功能:(i)n. (ii)n.[br]概念:intense,theyoung republic;a almost unrelieved ,a mood,suggest,recent developments[br]逻辑:in sharp contrast to 对比关系[br]语义:utopian faith 和hopes 能推出第一个空,第二个空代表的mood与第一个空是形成对比的[br]选词:A:idealism 理想主义,E:cynicism 犬儒主义[br]检查:句子意思通顺[br]4.[br]功能:(i)v. 谓语 (ii)v. (iii)adj.[br]概念:strong environmental performance will,their company’s financial performance;Managers,often _ claims,that引导的从句;perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success[br]逻辑:by contrast [br]语义:第一个和第二个空应该相互对应的,为广义同义,由第三空的句尾as extraneous(无关的)可知,by contrast后面的managers是不赞成environmental management system的,所以第一二空就是同意这个system的。[br]选词:B:bolster 加强,E:appropriately acknowledge 适当的承认,I:peripheral 次要的[br]检查:段落大意通顺[br]第二空选错 正确答案应为:D:uncritical accept[br]
(1).Even though formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas, many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888.[br]1、空&#26684;填一个名词,做宾语。[br]2、与之相关的概念包括people, be unprepared for[br]3、逻辑上是even though表转折[br]4、语义norm 和空&#26684;相对应,广义相反。[br]5、选择B D[br]6、检查:尽管严酷的寒冬在这个地方很平常,但是1888年的严酷凶猛的暴风雪还是没有让人们做好准备。[br](2).Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen’s has oscillated between___ and condescension; but in general later writers have esteemed her works more highly than did most of her literary __.[br]1、第一个空&#26684;填一个名词,做宾语[br]2、相关的概念有reaction to JA oscillated。[br]3、4、逻辑有oscillated,那么空&#26684;和xondescension应该广义相反[br]5选择A[br]1、第二个空&#26684;填一个名词,做子句的主语[br]2、most of her literatery[br]3、more than对比广义相反[br]4、 later 对应空&#26684;[br]5、F[br]6、自1813年后对于简奥斯丁的评判摇摆于喜爱和不屑之间,但是一般后面的作家都相比于大部分其他的文学前辈更加尊重她的作品。[br](3)、In sharp contrast to the intense _ of the young republic, with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress, recent developments suggest a mood of almost unrelieved _.[br]1、第一个空&#26684;填一个名词,做状语中的一部分;第二个空&#26684;填一个名词,做宾语a mood 的修饰成分[br]2、相关概念修饰成分the young republic;修饰a mood 以及空&#26684;的修饰词unrelieved[br]3、语义两个空&#26684;构成对应[br]4、contrast对比,因此广义相反[br]5、AE[br]6、对比于年轻人们的理想主义,有着对民主理想般的信念和渴望人类永久性的进步,最近的发展表现了那些未受到救济的犬儒主义的心情。[br](4)Managers who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools. By contrast, managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success may view an environmental management system as extraneous. In either situation, and whatever their perceptions, it is a manager’s commitment to achieving environmental improvement rather than the mere presence of a system that determines environmental performance.[br]1、第一个空&#26684;填一个动词,与will共同做谓语 第二空填动词,作谓语 第三空填一个形容词[br]2、相关的概念是performance financial performance managers ,claims 修饰environment performance的,也和financial success有关[br]3、语义第一个managers对应第二个managers,第二个空&#26684;对应view,第一个空&#26684;和第三个空&#26684;与extraneoous相对应[br]4、by contrast 前后广义相反[br]5、B、D、I[br]6、管理者持有环境表现将会使他们的公司的财政下降的态度的,总是完全接受主张是系统被设计用于帮助他们管理环境问题,这个系统是非常有价&#20540;的工具。与此相反的是另外一些持有环境表现是对于财政支持是次要的所以他们将这个系统视为无用次要的东西。
1.Even though formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas, many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888. [br](1)功能:名词,做宾语(2)概念: unprepared,blizzard(3)逻辑:formidable 广义同义(4)语义:Even though formidable winters are the norm,unprepared for the _ of the blizzard 这次比起前更严重(5)选择:BD[br]2.Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen’s has oscillated between__ and condescension; but in general later writers have esteemed her works more highly than did most of her literary __.[br]Blank (i) (1)功能:名词做宾语;(2)概念: reaction,between,condescension;(3)逻辑:和condescension并列;(4)语义: oscillated between,和condescension反义;(5)选择:A[br]Blank (ii)(1)功能:名词做分句的主语(2)概念:reaction(3)逻辑:but,转折,more than比较;(4)语义:和general later writers对应(5)选择:D[br]answer:AD[br]3.In sharp contrast to the intense _ of the young republic, with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress, recent developments suggest a mood of almost unrelieved _.[br]Blank (i) 名词;和intense,young republic相关,utopian faith;contrast对比;with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress,理想;选A[br]Blank (ii) 名词做宾语;recent developments;contrast,对比;对比项是理想;选E[br]4.Managers who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools. By contrast, managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success may view an environmental management system as extraneous. In either situation, and whatever their perceptions, it is a manager’s commitment to achieving environmental improvement rather than the mere presence of a system that determines environmental performance.[br]BLANK1 动词做谓语;environmental performance,financial performance;help,valuable,正动作;B[br]BLANK2 谓语;managers(重视环境),claim;正动作;valuable tools;选D[br]BLANK3 形容词做表语;environmental performance,financial performance;by contrast,对比重视环境的managers;extraneous同义;选I[br]ANSWER:BDI
1.[br]一看功能[br]词性:n. 成分:宾语[br]二看概念[br]Even though formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas, many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888.[br]三看逻辑[br]Even though formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas, many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888.[br]广义反义[br]四看语义[br]Even though formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas, many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888.[br]暴风雪的什么没有准备好[br]五做选择[br]BD[br]六做检查[br]虽然可怕的冬季在D是标准,但是很多人对于1888年暴风雪的强烈没有准备。[br]2.[br]一看功能[br]词性:n.;n.[br]二看概念[br]Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen’s has oscillated between __ and condescension; but in general later writers have esteemed her works more highly than did most of her literary __.[br]三看逻辑[br]并列__ and condescension[br]But广义反义[br]四看语义[br]Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen’s has oscillated between __ and condescension;[br]自从1813年对J的反应在..和谦虚之间的犹豫[br]but in general later writers have esteemed her works more highly than did most of her literary __.[br]但是通常来说后来的笔者们已经比尊敬她的大多数文学追随者更尊敬她的工作。[br]五做选择[br]B&amp;E 本题推断错了应选择A&amp;D[br]六做检查[br]自从1813年对J的反应在冷漠和谦虚之间的犹豫,但是通常来说后来的笔者们已经比尊敬她的大多数文学追随者更尊敬她的工作。[br]3.[br]一看功能[br]词性:n.&amp;n.;[br]二看概念[br]In sharp contrast to the intense _ of the young republic, with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress, recent developments suggest a mood of almost unrelieved _.[br]三看逻辑[br]广义反义[br]四看语义[br]In sharp contrast to the intense _ of the young republic, with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress, recent developments suggest a mood of almost unrelieved _.[br]五做选择[br]A idealism [br]E cynicism [br]六做检查[br]最近的发展表明一种几乎未减轻的犬儒主义情绪与年轻的共和国强烈的理想主义形成鲜明的对比,其在民主和永恒的人类进步希望上带有理想主义的乌托邦的信仰。[br]4.[br]一看功能[br]词性:v.&amp;v.&amp;adj.[br]成分:从句谓语&amp;主句谓语&amp;宾语补足语[br]二看概念[br]Managers think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance[br]Managers often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools.[br]managers perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success[br]三看逻辑[br]Managers who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools. By contrast, managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success may view an environmental management system as extraneous. In either situation, and whatever their perceptions, it is a manager’s commitment to achieving environmental improvement rather than the mere presence of a system that determines environmental performance.[br]By contrast前后广义反义[br]四看语义[br]Managers who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools. By contrast, managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success may view an environmental management system as extraneous. In either situation, and whatever their perceptions, it is a manager’s commitment to achieving environmental improvement rather than the mere presence of a system that determines environmental performance.[br]五做选择[br]B bolster[br]D uncritically accept [br]I peripheral[br]六做检查[br]那些认为强烈的环境表现会支持他们公司的金融表现的经理经常不加批评地接受设计来帮助他们管理环境关心的系统是有价&#20540;的工具的主张。相反,那些认为环境表现对金融成功只是次要的经理可能认为环境系统是没有关联的。在任何一个情况中,无论他们的看法如何,实现环境的提高是经理的承诺而不是仅仅决定环境表现的系统的出现。[br]