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10-08
GRE填空方法课第五节
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#GRE填空方法课第五节# first:
功能:n,定语
概念:修饰 blizzard内容
逻辑:even though 表示让步
语义:winters与blizzard存在一定的对应;formidable(可怕的,难以对付的。) – 空格对应
formidable与 空格应该为同义
选项:B ferocity 凶暴,残暴; D fierceness 凶猛,猛烈
(注意) mildness: n. 温和,和善,温暖;
检查:尽管在D 可怕的冬天是一个常态,很多人是未准备好的对于1888年的暴风雪。
second:
功能: n, 宾语
逻辑: but转折,对比,反转
概念: blank (i) 对比; oscillated 词语表示反转对比。
blank (ii) 比较;前后反义对比
语义: (i)与condescension (傲慢,屈就) 对应,应该对应A 尊敬
(ii)与 D反义对应, 因此为contemporaries.
选择;A, D
检查:自从1813年对于JA的态度摇摆于尊敬与不重视,但是一般来说之后的作家对她工作评价的更高对比与她同时代的文学作品。
3.
功能:n,被adj修饰
n, 定语,
概念 1 伴随状语
2修饰a mood
逻辑:blank(i): contrast to 与 recent development 的blank(ii)转折
与,with 并列
语义:blank (i)与blank(ii)反义 Utopian 与 idealism young republic—its
blank(i) 与中间插入语同义
选择:A E
检查:强烈的相反于年轻公众的理想主义(可以使得整体人类进步的乌托邦般的信仰),近期的发展建议了一种近乎未减轻的犬儒主义。
4.
功能:1. v, 2. v短语; 3. ved/adj
概念 1. 定语从句中的谓语v,managers(主) 与 financial performance(宾)
2. 谓语v。 修饰claims, 作状语, 探究claim的程度
3. 系动词组合, 联系 managers(主), financial success(宾语)
逻辑:1,2并列关系, 与 3转折(By contrast)
语义:1与claims对应(正向)2. 与perceive(v. 意识到,察觉到)对应 3 认为 e performance对于financial success的关系, extraneousc
选择:A bolster:支持; E appropriately acknowledge(适当确认); I peripheral 外部的
检查:认为强大的环境表现将会支持他们公司经济表现的管理者会合适地承认系统的设计将会帮助他们解决关键考虑是一种有用的工具。相反,一些其他管理者认为环境表现对于经济表现是一种外部的特性。
2019-10-08 16:15:18 来自 GRE 方法课作业
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Even though formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas, many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888. 分析 1 功能 名词 2 概念 被of the blizzard of 1888修饰 定语 3 逻辑 even though 反义 4 语义formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas 与 many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888反义 空格填formidable的同义 因为有UNprepared 5 选择 D 6 检查 尽管可怕的冬天在D是常事,但是许多人依然对1888年的强烈暴风雨没有准备 Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen’s has oscillated between- and condescension; but in general later writers have esteemed her works more highly than did most of her literary __. 1 功能 名词 第一个为oscillated 的宾语 第二个介宾短语修饰did most 概念 主语1813 reaction谓语oscillated / 主语writers 逻辑 oscillated表示转折 /more than 表示转折 语义 condescension与空格反义 选择 A F In sharp contrast to the intense _ of the young republic, with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress, recent developments suggest a mood of almost unrelieved _. 功能 名词 概念 介宾结构 主语 recent developments 谓语suggest 逻辑 in contrast to 反义 with 同义 语义 the intense _ of the young republic 与 a mood of almost unrelieved _反义 空格与 its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress同义 选择 A E Managers who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools. By contrast, managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success may view an environmental management system as extraneous. In either situation, and whatever their perceptions, it is a manager’s commitment to achieving environmental improvement rather than the mere presence of a system that determines environmental performance 功能 动词 谓语 、 动词谓语, 形容词 介宾结构 概念 who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance Managers often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success 逻辑 who为定语从句 同义 by contrast 反义 语义who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance 与 systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools 同义 managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success 与 view an environmental management system as extraneous 反义 选择 BEH
1.Even though formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas, many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888.[br]1.空格为名词,作定语[br]2.修饰 the blizzard,句子主语many people,谓语were,表语unprepared, the _ of the blizzard of 1888为补语,修饰unprepared[br]3.Even though表示转折[br]4.formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas与many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888对应且语义相反,其中norm与unprepared对应且语义相反,所以formidable winters与the _ of the blizzard对应,formidable与空格处对应,语义相同[br]5.A. inevitability必然性,B.ferocity凶猛,C. importance重要性,D. fierceness凶猛,E. probability可能性,F. mildness温和,应选B,D,与formidable对应[br]6.尽管可怕的冬天在达科塔是常事,还是有许多人没有为1888年的凶暴的暴风雪做准备。[br]2.Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen’s has oscillated between __ and condescension; but in general later writers have esteemed her works more highly than did most of her literary __.[br]第一个空[br]1.名词[br]2. between __ and condescension作状语,主语是reaction,谓语是has oscillated[br]3.oscillated表示振荡,between...and...表示前后为反义[br]4.空格处于condescension对应,语义相反[br]5.A adoration 崇拜,B indifference 冷淡,C dismissal解雇,condescension意为傲慢,所以选A[br]6.从1813年以来,对简奥斯丁的反应在崇拜与傲慢之间摇摆[br]第二个空[br]1.名词[br]2.主语later writers,谓语have esteemed,宾语her works[br]3.more..than...表比较[br]4.later writers与most of her literary __对应,esteemed与did对应,空格处于later writers语义相反[br]5.D contemporaries 同辈人,E followers 追随者,F precursors 先驱,later writers为后来的作家,为时间上的相反,排除E,过去的人无法尊敬他,排除F,选D[br]6.但是,一般的后来的作家比起大多数她文学上的同辈人更加尊敬她的作品。[br]3.In sharp contrast to the intense _ of the young republic, with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress, recent developments suggest a mood of almost unrelieved _.[br]1.名词,作定语[br]2.第一个空修饰the young republic,该句为状语从句,主句主语为recent developments,谓语为suggest,宾语为a mood,第二个空修饰mood[br]3.with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress修饰第一个空格处名词,contrast表示对比, intense _ of the young republic与a mood of almost unrelieved _对比[br]4.第一个空格处与with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress语义一致,与第二个空格语义相反[br]5.A idealism 理想主义,B individualism 个人主义,C assertiveness魄力,自信,with后的从句表示一种信仰faith,与A一致,选A,D ambition 野心,E cynicism 犬儒主义,F egalitarianism 平等主义,其中E与A为广义反义,选E[br]6.共和国对民主主义和永恒的人类发展的希望具有乌托邦式的信仰,与年轻的共和国的强烈的理想主义形成鲜明对比,最近的发展体现出一种几乎未曾减弱的犬儒主义情绪。[br]4.Managers who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools. By contrast, managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success may view an environmental management system as extraneous. In either situation, and whatever their perceptions, it is a manager’s commitment to achieving environmental improvement rather than the mere presence of a system that determines environmental performance.[br]1.第一二个空为动词;第三空为形容词[br]2.第一句主语为Managers,managers的定语从句中,谓语为think,think的宾语从句中,主语为strong environmental performance,第一个空格处为谓语,宾语为company’s financial performance,主句中谓语为第二个空,宾语为claims;[br]第二句主语为managers,managers的定语从句中,谓语为perceive,宾语为environmental performance,主句的谓语为view,宾语为an environmental management system[br]3.第一句中第一二空应为同义关系;contrast表示对比[br]4.第一二个空格处语义一致;第一句与第二句语义相反,Managers who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance与managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success相对应,第一空与第三空语义相反,其中第一句中valuable与第二句中extraneous对应,语义相反,所以第一句为肯定,第二句为否定[br]5.A eclipse 使黯然失色,B bolster 支持,C degrade 贬低,D uncritically accept 不加鉴别地接受,E appropriately acknowledge 适当地承认,F hotly dispute 激烈地阻止,G complementary 补充的,H intrinsic 本质的,I peripheral 次要的,选B,D,I[br]6.检查,语义通顺[br]其中第二空D,E都有肯定的意思,比较犹豫,D的程度比较大,所以选了D,不知道对不对[br]
1.Even though formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas, many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888.[br]A. inevitability[br]B. ferocity[br]C. importance[br]D. fierceness[br]E. probability[br]F. mildness[br]功能:名词,宾语[br]概念:were unprepared for的宾语,of the blizzard of 1888修饰的成分[br]逻辑:空格与formidable(可怕的;难以对付的;令人敬畏的) winters对应,even though表示转折关系,逻辑上广义反义[br]语义:[br]A. Inevitability 不可避免[br]B. Ferocity 凶猛,残暴[br]C. Importance 重要性[br]D. Fierceness 凶猛,猛烈[br]E. Probability 可能性[br]F. Mildness 温和[br]选择:根据逻辑关系,选择B,D[br]翻译:[br]尽管在Dakotas,可怕的冬天是司空见惯的,但还是有很多人对于1888年大暴雪的凶猛没有充分的准备。[br]2.Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen’s has oscillated(v.震动;犹豫) between  and condescension(n.屈尊); but in general later writers have esteemed her works more highly than did most of her literary __.[br]Blank (i) [br]A adoration [br]B indifference [br]C dismissal[br]Blank (ii) [br]D contemporaries [br]E followers [br]F precursors[br]第一空:[br]功能:名词,宾语[br]概念:has oscillated的宾语,主语是reaction to Jane Austen’s,与condescension成分并列[br]逻辑:oscillated between表示对比关系,说明空格内容和condescension成分并列,逻辑对比,广义反义[br]含义:[br]A adoration  崇拜[br]B indifference  不重视;中立[br]C dismissal 解雇[br]选择:根据逻辑关系和含义,选择A[br]第二空:[br]功能:名词,主语[br]概念:did的主语(did指人们对于Jane Austen的尊敬),与later writers对应[br]逻辑:空格内容与前文later writers构成对比关系,逻辑广义反义[br]含义:[br]D contemporaries  同代人[br]E followers  追随者[br]F precursors 前辈[br]选择:根据逻辑关系和含义,选择D[br]翻译:自1813年以来,对J.A.作品的反省抑制在(推崇)和贬低之间摇摆,但总的来说,其后的作家对他的作品的尊敬要远远多于她(同时代的)作家。——摘自答案。[br]3.In sharp contrast to the intense _ of the young republic(n.共和政体), with its Utopia(乌托邦) faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress, recent developments suggest a mood(n.情绪;语气;坏心境;气氛) of almost unrelieved(adj.不变化的;未收救济的) _.[br]Blank (i) [br]A idealism [br]B individualism [br]C assertiveness[br]Blank (ii) [br]D ambition [br]E cynicism [br]F egalitarianism[br]第一空:[br]功能:名词,宾语[br]概念:In sharp contrast to的宾语(介词宾语); of the young republic修饰的成分,与its相对应[br]逻辑:空格内容与its相对应,由于with表示伴随,空格内容应和its faith的内容广义同义[br]含义:[br]A idealism  理想主义[br]B individualism  个人主义,利己主义[br]C assertiveness 武断[br]选择:根据语义,和逻辑关系,选择A[br]第二空:[br]功能:名词,宾语[br]概念:a mood of的宾语,a mood of almost unrelieved _共同构成suggest的宾语,动作的主语是recent developments[br]逻辑:空格内容和第一空有对应关系,根据In sharp contrast to可知两者为比较关系,逻辑广义反义[br]含义:[br]D ambition  野心;抱负[br]E cynicism  犬儒主义[br]F egalitarianism 平等主义[br]选择:根据语义和逻辑关系,选择E[br]翻译:与年轻的共和团体倡导的激烈的理想主义(理想主义坚信在人类发展过程中存在着自由和希望)形成鲜明对比的,最近的发展表现出了无可救药的犬儒注意情绪。[br]4.Managers who think that strong environmental performance(n.表演;表现;绩效;执行) will _ their company’s financial performance often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools. By contrast, managers who perceive(v.意识到;察觉,发觉;理解) environmental performance to be _ to financial success may view an environmental management system as extraneous. In either situation, and whatever their perceptions(n.知觉;观念;察觉力;收获), it is a manager’s commitment(n.承诺;致力,献身) to achieving environmental improvement rather than the mere presence of a system that determines environmental performance.[br]BLANK1 [br]A eclipse [br]B bolster [br]C degrade[br]BLANK2 [br]D uncritically accept [br]E appropriately acknowledge [br]F hotly dispute[br]BLANK3 [br]G complementary [br]H intrinsic [br]I peripheral[br]此题三个空格需要共同考虑,从逻辑关系上看,第一空和第二空逻辑上广义同义,共同与第三空广义反义,但是没办法直接得到前两空的答案,因此,从第三空入手。[br]第三空:[br]功能:形容词,表语[br]概念:be的表语。最终的主语是managers(who所代指的内容),此处的managers与上文的managers是比较关系,并非同一个主体。后文view an environmental management system as extraneous是对观点的陈述,空格是对观点的态度。[br]逻辑:空格内容应当与view an environmental management system as extraneous表达的含义逻辑广义同义[br]含义:[br]G complementary  互补的[br]H intrinsic  固有的;内在的;本质的;先天的[br]I peripheral 次要的;外围的;(神经)末梢区域的[br]选择:[br]根据上述分析,选择I[br]相类似的,第一空,第二空与第三空逻辑反义,则选择和其含义相反的词即可:[br]A eclipse  使黯然失色[br]B bolster  支持[br]C degrade 使降级;贬低[br]第一空选B[br]D uncritically accept  不批评地接受[br]E appropriately acknowledge  适当地承认[br]F hotly dispute 激烈地争论[br]第二空选D[br]翻译:[br]认为环境绩效可以给企业经济效益带来帮助的管理者完全支持如下观点:被设计用来帮助管理者管理环境相关方面的系统是一个非常有价值的工具。而相反的,认为环境绩效只是经济成功的次要因素的管理者认为环境管理系统是无关紧要的。[br]无论在哪种情况下,也无论他们的立场是什么,决定环境绩效的是经理实现环境改善的承诺,而不是仅仅有体系的存在。
1. 我选择: BD[br]功能:n[br]概念: 定语:the blizzard of 1888. 谓语:unprepared for 主语:many people[br]逻辑:even though 转折[br]语义:formidable winter = unprepared for the _ of the blizzard [br]选择:A.不可避免性 B.凶猛,残忍 C.重要性 D.凶猛 E可能性 F温和 ; [br]检查:即使可怕的冬天在达科塔的标准配置,很多人还是没有为1888年凶猛的暴风雪准备好。[br]2.[br]我的答案:A D[br]功能:1)n. ; 2) n.[br]概念:1)oscillated 的宾语,JA主语的状态 , condescension的同级[br]2)most of her literary 定语的宾语, [br]逻辑:1)oscillated between对比 2) more highly than 对比, but 前后转折,later对比[br]语义:1)condescension反义; 2)later writers have esteemed her works 对比most of her literary _esteemed[br]选择:1)A 崇拜;爱慕 B漠不关心 C免职 2)D同时代的人 E 追随者 F先驱[br]检查:自从1813年起对JA的态度就从喜爱到对她高贵的不服一直变动;但是总体,后来的作家们比大多她精通文学的同代人对她的作品评价更高。[br]3.[br]我的选择:B F[br]功能:1)n. 2)n.[br]概念:1)of the young republic定语修饰的 2)almost unrelieved 定语的修饰,形容mood[br]逻辑:1)in sharp contrast to 对比, 2) with…,recent广义同义[br]语义:1)utopian faith in democracy and hopes of eternal human progress的反义[br]2)unrelieved _=utopian faith in democracy and hopes of eternal human progress[br]选择:A理想主义 B个体主义 C自信魄力 D野心 E犬儒主义 F平等主义[br]检查:在同强烈的年轻共和国的个体主义的对比下,有着乌托邦自信在它的民主和人类发展永垂不朽的希望中,最近的发展暗示一个几乎没有减少的平等的气氛。[br]4.[br]选择BDI[br]功能:1)v. 2)v. 3)adj.[br]概念:1)environmental performance主语 their company’s financial performance宾语[br] 2)managers主语 claims宾语[br] 3)managers who perceive eP to be主语,接它的状态[br]逻辑:1) that 广义同义 that2)claims that 同义 3)BY contrast 对比[br]语义:1) managers who 和 by contrast 的managers态度相反[br]who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance=反who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success[br]2) often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools.= 反may view an environmental management system as extraneous[br]3)同1)[br]选择:1)A使失色 B支持 C降级 B[br]2)D不加批评的接收 E大约承认 F激烈反对 D[br]3)G补充的 H本质的 I次要的 I[br]检查:哪些认为强烈环保表现将会支持他们公司的经济表现的经理们通常不加批评的接收这个观点(被计划去帮助他们管理环境的想法的系统是有用的工具),相反,那些 接收环保表现是公司经济的次要因素的经理会认为环境管理系统是没有关联的。在任何一种情况下,无论他们的看法是什么,经理的任务是达到环保提升而不是仅仅呈现一个决定环保表现的系统。[br]
(1).Even though formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas, many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888.[br]1、空格填一个名词,做宾语。[br]2、与之相关的概念包括people, be unprepared for[br]3、逻辑上是even though表转折[br]4、语义norm 和空格相对应,广义相反。[br]5、选择B D[br]6、检查:尽管严酷的寒冬在这个地方很平常,但是1888年的严酷凶猛的暴风雪还是没有让人们做好准备。[br](2).Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen’s has oscillated between___ and condescension; but in general later writers have esteemed her works more highly than did most of her literary __.[br]1、第一个空格填一个名词,做宾语[br]2、相关的概念有reaction to JA oscillated。[br]3、4、逻辑有oscillated,那么空格和xondescension应该广义相反[br]5选择A[br]1、第二个空格填一个名词,做子句的主语[br]2、most of her literatery[br]3、more than对比广义相反[br]4、 later 对应空格[br]5、F[br]6、自1813年后对于简奥斯丁的评判摇摆于喜爱和不屑之间,但是一般后面的作家都相比于大部分其他的文学前辈更加尊重她的作品。[br](3)、In sharp contrast to the intense _ of the young republic, with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress, recent developments suggest a mood of almost unrelieved _.[br]1、第一个空格填一个名词,做状语中的一部分;第二个空格填一个名词,做宾语a mood 的修饰成分[br]2、相关概念修饰成分the young republic;修饰a mood 以及空格的修饰词unrelieved[br]3、语义两个空格构成对应[br]4、contrast对比,因此广义相反[br]5、AE[br]6、对比于年轻人们的理想主义,有着对民主理想般的信念和渴望人类永久性的进步,最近的发展表现了那些未受到救济的犬儒主义的心情。[br](4)Managers who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools. By contrast, managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success may view an environmental management system as extraneous. In either situation, and whatever their perceptions, it is a manager’s commitment to achieving environmental improvement rather than the mere presence of a system that determines environmental performance.[br]1、第一个空格填一个动词,与will共同做谓语 第二空填动词,作谓语 第三空填一个形容词[br]2、相关的概念是performance financial performance managers ,claims 修饰environment performance的,也和financial success有关[br]3、语义第一个managers对应第二个managers,第二个空格对应view,第一个空格和第三个空格与extraneoous相对应[br]4、by contrast 前后广义相反[br]5、B、D、I[br]6、管理者持有环境表现将会使他们的公司的财政下降的态度的,总是完全接受主张是系统被设计用于帮助他们管理环境问题,这个系统是非常有价值的工具。与此相反的是另外一些持有环境表现是对于财政支持是次要的所以他们将这个系统视为无用次要的东西。

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