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托福听力第一节
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#托福听力第一节# 完成速度有点慢,需要加强训练提高速度熟练度
2019-03-16 13:09:57 来自 托福 4.0 方法课作业
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托福 4.0 方法课作业
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作业一:如图👇1. 请预听所给听力材料(预听前不能看听力原文)。[br] 2. 请根据预听情况参照所给原文查询并记录没有听出来的听力词汇。(红色底线为没听出来部分)[br]作业二:[br]请翻译听力原文。[br]Let's turn our focus now to advertising.[br] 现在我们来把注意力转到广告上。[br]2. We all know what an advertisement is.[br] 我们都知道广告是什么样的。[br]3. It's essentially a message that announces something for sale.[br] 它实质上是通过播报来售卖东西的信息。[br]4. Now there's an important precondition that must exist before you have advertising, and that's a large supply of consumer goods, that is, things to sell.[br] 现在,在做广告之前存在一个重要的前提条件,那就是有大量供应的消费品[br],也就是要卖的东西。[br]5. You see in a place where the demand for a product is greater than the supply, there is no need to advertise.[br] 你知道的,在一个产品供不应求的地方,做广告就没必要。[br]6. Now the earliest forms of advertising going back many hundreds of years with a simple sign over shop doors that told you whether the shop was a bakery, a butcher shop or what have you.[br] 距今最早的广告形式要追溯到数百年以前,那时候店铺门口只有一个简单的标牌来让你知道它是一个面包店还是一个肉铺等,诸如此类。[br]7. Then with the advent of printing press, advertising increased substantially.[br] 随着印刷机的出现,广告业大幅度的增长。[br]8. Ads for products like coffee, tea and chocolate appeared in newspapers and other periodicals, as well as on the sides of building.[br]对于像咖啡,茶,巧克力的产品的广告不但出现在报纸上和一些期刊杂志上,甚至还会出现在建筑物的侧面。[br]9. In the American colonies, advertising and communications media like newspapers and pamphlets became a major factor in marketing goods and services.[br]在美国殖民地,像报纸和宣传小册子这样的广告传播媒介成了营销商品的服务的关键因素。[br]10.By modern standards, these early advertisements were quite small and subdued, not as splashy, whole page spread of today.[br]用现代的标准去衡量的话,这些早期的广告显得很小很低调,不像今天那么华丽,到处都是的整张单页。[br]11. Still some of them appeared on the front pages of newspapers probably because the news often consisted of less refresh reports from distant Europe while the ads were current and local.[br]仍然会有一些广告出现在报纸的头版,很可能是因为那些新闻经常没有来自遥远欧洲的最新报道,但是这些广告则是关于当地流行的。[br]12. Advertising really came and do it so and became an essential part of doing business during the industrial revolution.[br]广告业真正出现并开始做广告,随后即成为商业活动中不可或缺的一部分是在工业革命时期。[br]13. Suddenly there was a much greater supply of things to sell.[br] 突然就有了比之前多更多的供给物开始销售[br]14. And as we said earlier, that is the driving force behind advertising.[br]就像我们之前提到的,那就是广告业背后的推动力。[br]15. People's attention had to be drawn to the new product.[br]人们的注意力之前一直在新产品上。[br]16. Let's take a look at some of the advertisements from that time[br]我们来看下那个时期的一些广告。

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