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托福听力第一节
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subdued[br]lack in vitality, intensity or strength[br]splashy[br]tending to or exhibiting ostentatious display making a splash[br]请翻译听力原文。[br]1. Let's turn our focus now to advertising.[br]让我们把注意力放在广告上[br]2. We all know what an advertisement is.[br]我们都知道广澳是什么[br]3. It's essentially a message that announces something for sale. [br]这是一个宣传售卖商品的基本信息[br]4. Now there's an important precondition that must exist before you have advertising, and that's a large supply of consumer goods, that is, things to sell. [br]现在,这有一个重要的前提在你做广告之前必须存在,就是大量供应售卖的商品[br]5. You see in a place where the demand for a product is greater than the supply, there is no need to advertise. [br]你看,在一个需求大于供给的地方不需要做广告[br]6. Now the earliest forms of advertising going back many hundreds of years with[br][br]a simple sign over shop doors that told you whether the shop was a bakery, a butcher shop or what have you.[br]现在最早的广告形式要追溯到几百年前的一个简单的商店门牌,那个门牌告诉你这是一家水果店或是肉店还是你想要的什么东西[br]7. Then with the advent of printing press, advertising increased substantially. [br]然后随着喷涂的到来,广告更加有意义了[br]8. Ads for products like coffee, tea and chocolate appeared in newspapers and other periodicals, as well as on the sides of building. [br]产品广告,比如咖啡,茶,巧克力出现在报纸或者其他期刊上或者大楼的一侧[br]9. In the American colonies, advertising and communications media like newspapers and pamphlets became a major factor in marketing goods and services. [br]在美国殖民地,广告和社交媒体比如报纸和小册子变成了主要的市场货物和服务的元素[br]10. By modern standards, these early advertisements were quite small and subdued, not as splashy, whole page spread of today. [br]以现代的标准,这些早期的广告小而且薄弱,并不是像今天整版广告那样很张扬[br]11. Still some of them appeared on the front pages of newspapers probably because the news often consisted of less refresh reports from distant Europe while the ads were current and local. [br]一些出现在报纸前面几页仍然因为是没什么新意的新闻在远欧而不是现在的流行的本地的广告[br]12. Advertising really came and do it so and became an essential part of doing business during the industrial revolution. [br]广告就这么邹积生活并影响我们,并且变成了重要的商业革命的一部分[br]13. Suddenly there was a much greater supply of things to sell. [br]突然有更多的东西要卖[br]14. And as we said earlier, that is the driving force behind advertising. [br]就像我们早期说的那样,这就是广告背后的驱动力量[br]15. People's attention had to be drawn to the new product. [br]人们的注意力不得不聚焦在新产品上 [br]16. Let's take a look at some of the advertisements from that time.[br]让我们看一些那个时候的广告[br]

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