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托福 4.0 方法课作业
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Essentially 本质上,基本上[br]Precondition 前提,先决条件[br]Butcher 肉贩,屠夫[br]Advent 出现,到来[br]Printing press 印刷机[br]Substantially 大量地[br]Periodical 期刊[br]Pamphlet 小册子[br]Subdue 压抑,抑制[br]Splashy 大张声势的[br]翻译[br]1.Let's turn our focus now to advertising. [br] 现在让我们把我们关注的重心转到广告上。[br]2.We all know what an advertisement is. [br] 我们都知道广告是什么。[br]3.It's essentially a message that announces something for sale. [br] 它本质上是一种宣布某种东西要被销售的信息。[br]4.Now there's an important precondition that must exist before you have advertising, and that's a large supply of consumer goods, that is, things to sell. [br] 现在,在你要打广告之前,有一个很重要的前提存在,就是消费货物要有一个大的供应,也就是要有东西去卖。[br]5.You see in a place where the demand for a product is greater than the supply, there is no need to advertise. [br] 你看到一个地方,那里对一个产品的需求大于供应,就不用再去打广告。[br]6.Now the earliest forms of advertising going back many hundreds of years with a simple sign over shop doors that told you whether the shop was a bakery, a butcher shop or what have you. [br] 如今最早的广告形式,出现在数百年前的那种用一个简单的标志放在商店门口来告诉你这个商店是面包店,肉店,还是什么别的。[br]7.Then with the advent of printing press, advertising increased substantially.[br] 后来随着印刷机的出现,广告数量大量增加。[br]8.Ads for products like coffee, tea and chocolate appeared in newspapers and other periodicals, as well as on the sides of building. [br] 一些产品的广告如咖啡,茶和巧克力出现在报纸和其他期刊上,还有一些建筑的边上。[br]9.In the American colonies, advertising and communications media like newspapers and pamphlets became a major factor in marketing goods and services. [br] 在美洲殖民地,广告和通讯媒体如报纸和小册子成为了营销货物和服务的主要方式[br]10.By modern standards, these early advertisements were quite small and subdued, not as splashy, whole page spread of today. [br] 按照现代标准,这些早期的广告相当小型且被抑制了,不想今天大张声势的、整页整页地传播。[br]11.Still some of them appeared on the front pages of newspapers probably because the news often consisted of less refresh reports from distant Europe while the ads were current and local. [br] 他们中的一些会出现在报纸的首页上,可能是因为新闻里来自遥远的欧洲的新鲜的报道太少了,而这些广告是当时当地的。[br]12.Advertising really came and do it so and became an essential part of doing business during the industrial revolution. [br] 在工业革命的过程中广告真正出现并成为做生意重要的一部分。[br]13.Suddenly there was a much greater supply of things to sell. [br] 突然,要销售的东西的供应变得更加巨大。[br]14.And as we said earlier, that is the driving force behind advertising.[br] 像我们之前说过的,那是广告背后的驱动力。[br]15.People's attention had to be drawn to the new product. [br] 新的产品不得不吸引人们的注意。[br]16.Let's take a look at some of the advertisements from that time.[br] 我们就来看看来自那个时候的一些广告吧。

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