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06-29
文法课第四节&第五节作业
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找出下中的代词和其指代对象,并判断代词的使 是否正确,如有错误请修正。[br]1. When the guests finished their soup, they were brought plates of salad. 修正:CORRECT[br](Guests is the antecedent of their and they.)[br]2. All students need his or her own copy of the textbook in order to take the class.[br]修正:All students need their own copy of the textbook in order to take the class.[br]3. Meg left all her class notes at school because she decided that she could do her homework without it.[br]修正:Meg left all her class notes at school because she decided that she could do her homework without them.[br]4. The players’ helmets need to be repainted before they are used in Sunday’s game.[br]修正:CORRECT[br](Helmets is the antecedent of they.)[br]5. The Smiths avoid the Browns because they dislike their children.[br]修正:[br]The Smiths avoid the Browns because the Browns dislike the Smiths’ children.[br]The Smiths avoid the Browns because the Smiths dislike the Browns’ children.[br](The original sentence is far too ambiguous. The antecedent of they is almost certainly not meant to be the same as the antecedent of their, a confusing state of affairs. Either family is a reasonable antecedent for either pronoun.)[br] 判断下中的划线部分的修饰语是否正确,如有错误请修正。[br]1. Coming around the corner, the skyscrapers came clearly into view across[br]the river.[br]修正:Coming around the corner, the people got a view of the skyscrapers across the river.[br]考点:dangling modifier[br]2. Last night our air conditioner broke, which caused great consternation. 修正:Last night our air conditioner broke, causing great consternation.[br]which caused great consternation: INCORRECT.[br]This modifier is dangling, since the sentence contains no noun correctly modified by the clause which caused great consternation. The author's intent is to comment on the event (the breakdown of the air conditioner), but the main clause does not name the event with a noun. Therefore, change the modifier to a verb modifier, either a participle (causing ...) or an absolute phrase (an event that caused ...).[br]3. Many dogs are killed by automobiles and trucks roaming unleashed. 修正:Many dogs roaming unleashed are killed by automobiles and trucks. (misplaced modifier 修饰语误置,roaming unleashed 修饰的是前 的狗。)[br]4. Regina returned the dress to the store, which was torn at one of the seams. 修正:Regina returned the dress, which was torn at one of the seams, to the store.[br]which was...the seams: INCORRECT.[br]This modifier is misplaced. It seems to describe store, the adjacent noun; however, the modifier should modify dress. Thus, move the modifier next to dress. Since the modifier is relatively short, simply insert it and set it off with commas.[br]5. Alighting on the deck, the aircraft carrier shook from the force of the plane. 修正:Alighting on the deck, the plane shook the aircraft carrier with its force.[br]6. Documenting the trial, it was discovered by the reporter that the eyewitness was related to the defendant’s jilted ex-wife, thus discrediting the witness testimony.[br] [br] 修正:Documenting the trial, the reporter discovered that the eyewitness was related to the defendant’s jilted ex-wife led to discrediting the witness testimony.[br] [br]三、英 标点符号练习:[br]在划线处填上恰当的标点符号(如果认为划线处 应该有标点符号,请写「 填」)。[br]The proposal to introduce rock music to Radio 3 has caused an outcry ; or : angry letters have been pouring into the BBC.[br]Tolkien published The Hobbit in 1937; the first volume of the Lord of the Rings followed in 1954.[br]The car 填 that hit mine 填 was uninsured.[br](that hit mine 对前 的 有限定作 ,是必要信息, 逗号隔开。)[br]She was a faithful, sincere friend.[br](faithful 和 sincere 是并 关系,都是修饰 friend 的,需要 逗号隔开使表达 清晰。)[br]They are dedicated 填 medical students.[br]At least three soul food dishes are familiar to most Americans: fried chicken,[br]barbecued spareribs, and 填sweet potato pie. Tony, don’t touch that ![br](祈使 ,语 强 ,此处 叹号 优。)[br]This is a provocative, disturbing book.[br](provocative 和 disturbing 是并 关系,都修饰 book,需要 逗号隔开使表 达 清晰。)[br]She gave me an antique 填 ivory box.[br] [br] (注意 antique 和 ivory 是并 关系,antique 是修饰 ivory box 的,此处 能填逗号。)[br]The novel—if one can call it that — appeared in 1994.[br]The boy 填 in the black hat 填 is my cousin.[br]A more precise definition might be the following: ingredients, cooking[br]methods, and dishes originating in Africa.[br]Norway has applied for EC membership; Sweden is expected to do the same. She asked if I had a pen she could borrow.[br]We spent our evenings chatting 填 in the room, watching the sun set over the harbor, stuffing ourselves with the local crabs and getting pleasantly sloshed on retsina.[br]Lisa speaks French, Tom speaks Italian and 填 I speak Spanish.[br]The candidate 填 who best meets these requirements 填 will obtain the[br]place.[br]The teacher asked how many of us had pets at home.[br]Liverpool are five points behind the readers; therefore, they must win both their remaining games.[br]The people of Cornwall 填 who depend upon fishing for their livelihood 填 are up in arms the new EC quotas.[br](who 引导的定语从 ,注意此处为必要信息, 逗号隔开。who depend upon fishing for their livelihood 对前 的 the people of Cornwall 有限定作 , 如果去掉的话,就没有 限定范围。)[br]I think we can say that, all in all, we’ve done well.[br] [br] Joy originally wanted to be a teacher, but after finishing university she 填 decided to become a lawyer instead.[br]Nether Stowey, where Coleridge wrote The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, is a few miles from Bridgewater.[br]In Somalia, where the civil war still rages, western aid workers, in spite of frantic efforts, are unable to operate; and the people, starving, terrified and desperate, are flooding into neighboring Ethiopia. (第三个空考查「分号的第 种 法」:当 较 、本身包含多个逗号,第[br]三个空这 可以 分号代替逗号。)[br]The child’s surname may be just the mother’s, or it may link the mother’s 填[br]and the father’s with a hyphen.[br]Two members of the expedition were too ill to continue; nevertheless, the[br]others decided to press on.[br]Parents once automatically gave their children the father’s surname, but 填[br]some on longer do.[br]Margaret Thatcher, who hated trains, refused to consider privatizing the[br]railways.[br](who 后 是只是补充说明成分, 是必要成分,要 逗号隔开。)[br]Odysseus must have wondered whether he would ever make it home.[br]Though they are close together — separated by only a few blocks—the two[br]neighborhoods could be in different countries. (此处考查 对破折号分隔信息的作 。注意 blocks 后 是 个破折号, 是 个空。)[br] [br] 四、合并 题[br]Which of the following gives the best way to combine these two sentences?[br]The problem has certainly gained a good deal of traction in public debates. The fact that it has gained such traction makes us wonder why isn’t there more significant action to combat the gender pay gap.[br]A) The problem has certainly gained a good deal of traction in public debates; the fact that it has gained such traction makes us wonder why isn’t there more significant action to combat the gender pay gap.[br]B) The problem has certainly gained a good deal of traction in public debates, which raises the question of why more isn’t being done to combat the gap.[br]C) The problem has certainly gained a good deal of traction in public debates: this fact of more public attention raises a serious question of why more isn’t being done to close that gap.[br]D) The problem has certainly gained a good deal of traction in public debates. Why isn’t more being done to combat the gap?[br]答案:B [br] 五、图表题[br] [br]While many movie genres are staples in Hollywood, the popularity of these genres has changed over time. Horror, Western, Sci-Fi: all of these are staples of Hollywood production, but the amount varies widely. For example, as the number of Westerns has stayed at or below about 25 per year since the 1960s, the number of Horror films, especially Zombie and Vampire films, has risen dramatically between 1960 and 2000, during which time the production of Vampire films has increased nearly six-fold.[br]Which of the following gives information consistent with the graph? A) NO CHANGE[br]B) has risen dramatically between 1960 and 2000, during which time the production of Zombie films has increased nearly six-fold.[br]C) has declined sharply between 1960 and 2000, during which time the production of Zombie films has decreased to almost a sixth.[br] [br]D) has declined sharply between 1960 and 2000, during which time the production of Zombie films has increased nearly four-fold.[br]答案:B[br] [br]Even as women’s roles in high-level positions, such as Congress, have increased almost five-fold since 1981, the pay that women receive relative to men has increased by only approximately 33%.[br]Which of the following choices gives information consistent with the graph?[br]A) NO CHANGE[br]B) women’s wages have increased by over 80%.[br]C) the wages of women in Congress have decreased.[br]D) the efforts of women in Congress to raise wages have failed. 答案:A