DRD 楼主
01-16
GRE填空方法课第五节
展开任务卡
#GRE填空方法课第五节# even though即使 表示转折
逻辑关系:formidable 强大的,可怕的,令人敬畏的
选BD
选B but转折,but后面强调尊敬,but前面强调不尊敬 应选负向的词
Later worker 和precursor 相对,but 表示转折,做对比,选F
.In sharp contrast,对比关系,广义反义,
Blank(i)
逻辑:with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress
选A
Blank(ii)
逻辑,与前面构成广义反义,E
2018-01-16 16:09:03 来自 GRE 方法课作业
评论
我有话要说
GRE 方法课作业
贴数 1890
进入小组 >>
其他同学作业
题目一:[br]1 功能:名词,修饰blizzard[br]2 概念:做定语定语[br]3 逻辑:even though表转折,前后两句广义反义[br]4 语义:空格与formidable的同义,因为unprepared是否定词[br]5 选择:选择BD.BD与formidable难对付的,可怕的同义。A. inevitability必然性B. ferocity凶猛、暴行C. importance重要性D. fierceness凶猛E. probability可能性F. mildness温和[br]6 检查:符合句意[br]题目二:[br]1 功能:名词,第一个between连接的两部分词性一致都是名词,第二个形容词literary修饰空格[br]2 概念:主语1813 reaction,谓语oscillated /。第二句主语writers,谓语have esteemed[br]3 逻辑:oscillated和more than 表示转折,广义反义[br]4 语义:condescension与空格反义 [br]5 选择:选AF[br]6 检查:符合句意[br]题目三:[br]1 功能:名词 [br]2 概念:主语 recent developments 谓语suggest [br]3 逻辑:in contrast to 表反义[br]4 语义:the intense _ of the young republic 与 a mood of almost unrelieved _反义,且与 its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress同义[br]5 选择:AE[br]6 检查:符合句意[br]题目四;[br]1 功能:动词、动词、形容词[br]2 概念:作谓语[br]3 逻辑:who为定语从句 同义 by contrast 反义[br]4 语义:who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance 与 systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools 同义 [br]managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success 与 view an environmental management system as extraneous 反义[br]5 选择:BEI[br]6 检查:符合句意
【1】[br]1.功能:n. 作定语[br]2.概念:(它修饰的对象) the blizzard ; (修饰它的) many people were unprepared[br]3.逻辑:Even though 表示转折关系[br]4.语义: formidable winters 与unprepared for the _ of the blizzard 为广义反义关系。所以空格处应填formidable的同义词[br]5.选择:选BD (inevitability 必然性, ferocity 凶猛,残暴, fierceness 凶猛,猛烈)[br]6.检查[br]【2】[br]1.功能:两空都填 n.[br]2.概念:[br]3.逻辑:oscillate between A and B 表对比;more... than... 也表对比[br]4.语义:第一空与condescension 为广义反义关系;第二空与later writers 为广义反义关系[br]5.选择:选BF。(condescension 屈尊,俯就;adoration 崇拜,爱慕;indifference 不在乎,漠不关心;dismissal 免职; 撤退;contemporaries 同代人;precursor 前辈)[br]6.检查[br]【3】[br]1.功能:两空均为n. 做定语[br]2.概念:第一空 (它修饰的)the young republic,(修饰它的) intense ;第二空(它修饰的)a mood ,(修饰它的) unrelieved [br]3.逻辑:In sharp contrast to 表对比[br]4.语义:两个空格之间相对比,为广义反义[br]5.选择:选AE. (intense 强烈的;utopian 乌托邦的; 空想的;assertiveness 过份自信,武断;cynicism 犬儒主义;egalitarianism 平等主义)[br]6.检查[br]【4】[br]1.功能:第一空和第二空填v. 做谓语,第三空填adj.做定语[br]2.概念:1) 第一空:(主语)strong environmental performance ,(宾语)their company’s financial performance ;[br] 2)第二空:(主语)Managers,(宾语)claims;[br] 3)第三空:(它修饰的)environmental performance[br]3.逻辑:By contrast表对比;第三空后面的as表广义同义[br]4.语义:第三空与 extraneous 同义;第一空和第二空与第三空成广义反义[br]5.选择:选BDI (extraneous 无关的;eclipse 使黯然失色;bolster 支持; 支撑;degrade 降低,贬低;uncritically 不加鉴别地;hotly 大发雷霆地;complementary 互补的;intrinsic 固有的,内在的;peripheral 外围的; 次要的)[br]6.检查[br]
第一步 名词[br]第二步 宾语,many people, unprepared,blizzard是相关概念[br]第三步Even though表明转折递进[br]第四步 广义反义前后两句话。winters和blizzard对应;formidable对应空格,应选择一个比formidable程度更深的词[br]第五步 A是不可逃避,B是凶猛,C是重要, D是凶猛,E是可能性,F是温和。选BD[br]第六步 尽管强烈的冬天是D的标配,但是很多人还是没准备好迎来1888年的凶猛暴风雪[br][br]第一步 名词;名词[br]第二步 宾语,1813 reaction,condescension是相关概念;宾语,writers,[br]第三步but表转折[br]第四步 广义反义前后两句话。Her works和Jane Austen’s对应;esteem对应空格oscillated between —— and condescension,应选择一相反意义词汇;空格2对应her works,是时间上对比,表示过去[br]第五步 A是崇拜,B是漠不关心,C是解雇, 选A;D是同龄人,E是追随者,F是先驱者。选F[br]第六步 从1813年以来大家对JA的反应摇摆在崇拜和傲慢间,但是后来总体上作家们崇拜她的作品远高于大部分她的先驱者。[br][br]第一步 名词;名词[br]第二步 宾语,contrast to , the young republic是相关概念;定语,developments, a mood[br]第三步In sharp contrast to表转折[br]第四步 广义反义前后两句话。the intense _ 和a mood of almost unrelieved —对应,相反意思,with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress解释空格,选一个乌托邦的概念;the young republic和 recent developments对应[br]第五步 A是理想主义,B是个人主义,C是自信, 选A;D是野心,E是犬儒主义,F是平等主义。选E[br]第六步[br]第一步 动词;动词;形容词[br]第二步 谓语,contrast to ,strong environmental performance , their company’s financial performance是相关概念;谓语,.Managers,claims;状语,managers who perceive environmental performance , financial success[br]第三步By contrast表转折[br]第四步 广义反义前后两句话。environmental concerns和environmental performance对应,valuable和空格1对应,相同意思,空格2和think对应;空格3和 空格1对应,相反[br]第五步 A是使黯然失色,B是支撑,C是贬低, 选B;D是接受,E是承认,F是争辩,阻止。选E;G是互补,H本质,I次要,选G[br]第六步[br]
1.Even though formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas, many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888.[br]功能:n [br]概念:宾语 the _ of the blizzard of 1888[br]逻辑:even though 让步,转折,前后取反[br]语义: winters =the blizzard of 1888[br]formidable-the _ of[br] the norm-were unprepared for [br]选择:BD 同义词,formidable:tending to inspire awe or wonder,impressive[br]A. inevitability 不可避免[br]B. ferocity 激烈 extreme fierceness and unrestrained violence[br]C. importance 重要[br]D. fierceness[br]E. probability 可能性[br]F. mildness 温和[br]检查:尽管严冬是dakotas 的常态,但是很多人对于1988的猛烈的暴风雪是没有防备的[br]norm:a widespread or usual practice,procedure,or custom[br]dakotas 美国中部[br]2.Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen’s has oscillated between__ and condescension; but in general later writers have esteemed her works more highly than did most of her literary __.[br]第二空:[br]功能:n[br]概念:her literary 修饰空格,共同做状语[br]逻辑:more than 对比关系前后取反,later 时间对比标志[br]语义:Jane Austen’s \ her works \her literary __[br]her literary __---later writers[br]选择:E[br]Blank (ii) [br]D contemporaries 当代人[br]E followers 追随者[br]F precursors 先驱[br]第一空:[br]功能:n[br]概念:动摇不定__ and condescension;[br]逻辑:oscillated between 表对比 前后相反,but 前后取反,后正态度,前为负态度[br]语义:正__ and condescension:高人一等 patronizing 负[br]选择:A 正态度[br]Blank (i) [br]A adoration 崇拜、爱慕[br]B indifference 冷漠[br]C dismissal轻视[br]检查:因为1813年对Jane Austen反应已经在崇拜与傲慢的之间摇摆不定,但是后代的作家们通常比她的文学追随者视她的作品更敬重。[br][br]3.In sharp contrast to the intense _ of the young republic, with its Utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress, recent developments suggest a mood of almost unrelieved _.[br]空一[br]功能:n.[br]概念:intense做定语修饰,of the young republic 后置定语修饰[br]逻辑:contrast to 对比 前后取反,recent 时间对比[br]语义:the young republic=its faith[br] intense _、 = Utopian乌托邦 faith[br]选择:[br]Blank (i) A[br]A idealism [br]B individualism [br]C assertiveness:bold or confident statement and behavior[br]空二[br]功能:n.[br]概念: unrelieved _:not including anything that provides a desirable change[br]逻辑:contrast to 前后对比取反, 前正态度,recently 后负态度[br]语义:a mood=faith intense=__[br]Blank (ii) E[br]D ambition [br]E cynicism 犬儒主义[br]F egalitarianism 平等主义[br]4.Managers who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools. By contrast, managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success may view an environmental management system as extraneous. In either situation, and whatever their perceptions, it is a manager’s commitment to achieving environmental improvement rather than the mere presence of a system that determines environmental performance.[br]i ii[br]功能:i V ii adv+V.[br]概念:environmental performance \financial performance[br]逻辑:无特殊提示,句内相同[br]语义:Managers who think =managers who perceive strong environmental performance=environmental performance i_+ =help them manage 、valuable=ii +_ [br]选择:i [br]BLANK1 B[br]A eclipse :is failing into obscurity or decline -[br]B bolster: bearing\ provide support \eliminate friction +[br]C degrade-[br]BLANK2 B[br]D uncritically accept 不加批判的接受 -[br]E appropriately acknowledge 适当承认+[br]F hotly dispute 主人的纠纷-[br]iii[br]功能:ADJ[br]概念: be _ to financial success [br]逻辑:by contrast 前后取反,前句+,后句-[br]语义:help 、valuable- extraneous:no relevance =_iii financial performance=financial success environmental management system=systems[br]BLANK3 I[br]G complementary 互补的[br]H intrinsic 本质的,固有的[br]I peripheral 次要的,辅助的-[br]检查:[br]认为显著的环境绩效会促进公司财政绩效的管理者经常恰当得承认专为帮助他们统筹环保想法的系统是有价值的工具。相比之下,认为环境的绩效对财政突破是次要辅助作用的管理者也许会认为一个环境的管理系统是没有关联的。在任意两者中,无论他们的观点如何,管理者对实现环境改进方面是一致态度的,而不是仅展示一个决定环境绩效的系统而已。
①Even though formidable winters are the norm in the Dakotas, many people were unprepared for the _ of the blizzard of 1888.[br]A. inevitability[br]B. ferocity[br]C. importance[br]D. fierceness[br]E. probability[br]F. mildness [br]1.功能:名词 表语[br]2.概念: blizzard [br]3.逻辑:even though 提示广义反义关系[br]4.语义:和formidable对应,unprepared 说明空格和formidable同义[br]5.选择:BD为凶猛[br]6.检查:即使可怕的冬天在达科塔州已经是司空见惯的了,但是人们还是对1988年的暴风雪没有准备好。[br]②Since 1813 reaction to Jane Austen’s has oscillated between___ and condescension; but in general later writers have esteemed her works more highly than did most of her literary __.[br]Blank (i) [br]A adoration [br]B indifference [br]C dismissal[br]Blank (ii) [br]D contemporaries [br]E followers [br]F precursors[br]1.功能:第一空 n. 第二空 n[br]2.概念:第一空和condescension有关,第二空和her literary有关[br]3.逻辑:but表示转折 ,more than表示句内前后对比关系[br]4.语义:前后广义反义 第一空填一个负面词 第二空和later writers形成对比[br]5.选择: 第一空选B 第二空选D[br]6.检查:自从1813年人们对于简奥斯汀的评价在傲慢和冷漠之间飘忽不定,但是总体来说后来的作家们对她作品的评价比她同时代的作家们要高得多。[br]③In sharp contrast to the intense _ of the young republic, with its utopian faith in democracy and hopes for eternal human progress, recent developments suggest a mood of almost unrelieved _.[br]Blank (i) [br]A idealism [br]B individualism [br]C assertiveness[br]Blank (ii) [br]D ambition [br]E cynicism [br]F egalitarianism[br]1.功能:第一空名词,第二空名词[br]2.概念:第一空修饰young republic,第二空修饰mood[br]3.逻辑:in sharp contrast to the 前后对比关系[br]4.语义:第一空young republic和with语义对应,广义同义关系;第二空与young republic广义反义[br]5.选择:第一空选A理想主义,和乌托邦广义同义。第二空选D,犬儒主义,和前面理想主义广义反义。[br]6.检查:符合题意[br]④Managers who think that strong environmental performance will _ their company’s financial performance often _ claims that systems designed to help them manage environmental concerns are valuable tools. By contrast, managers who perceive environmental performance to be _ to financial success may view an environmental management system as extraneous. In either situation, and whatever their perceptions, it is a manager’s commitment to achieving environmental improvement rather than the mere presence of a system that determines environmental performance.[br]BLANK1 [br]A eclipse [br]B bolster [br]C degrade[br]BLANK2 [br]D uncritically accept [br]E appropriately acknowledge [br]F hotly dispute[br]BLANK3 [br]G complementary [br]H intrinsic [br]I peripheral[br]1.功能:第一空动词第二空动词 第三空形容词[br]2.概念:第一空 environmental performance&financial performance,第二空managers&claims,第三空environmental performance&financial success.[br]3.逻辑:by contrast 转折[br]4.语义:第一空和第三空相反,第二空和第一空广义同义,即 + + -[br]5.选择:第一空选B 第二空E 第三空选I[br]6.选择:符合句意