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07-22
托福作文咩第 12 期 Day 10
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#托福作文咩第 12 期 Day 10# Nowdays, universities in my coutry seem to enter an "arms race". For instance, a university even sold its old and small campus in the downtown and built a larger and more beatiful one in the suburbs. This phenomenon triggers a heated debate on which one should be given top priority when it comes to investment: facilities or famous professors. From my perspective, famous professor should be the No.1 concern for school authorities. My viewpoint is based on the following reasons and examples.

Firstly, famous professors in a university are magnetic to excellent students. It is because what turly draws to high-quality students is someone who can show them the right way to explore the unknown world, rather than hardware conditions. A good case in point is that in the second world war, in order to escape from the Japanese invasion, several top universities in China combined together and relocated to the southwest China. At the time, without advanced facilities, the new university still worked well in fostering plenty of great talents thanks to the efforts of famous professors, which created a miracle in the history of Chinese education.

Secondly, famous professors can add much value to the university with their ramarkable contributions. The function of universities is not only producing talents for society but also serving as an impetus to the progress of human beings. It is those scientific and social breakthroughs made by famous professors that dramatically expand people's lives, increase productivity, and improve people's living standards, which really defines the importance of university. To some extent, the ranking of a university is measured by the number of published papers by professors in a journal like Nature or Science, as well as how many important awards that professors won for the school as Nobel Prize.

Admittedly, facilities are also of great importance to a university. It is hard to imagine what will become of a university if there is a poor condition in libraries, laboratories, sports venues and restaurants, because they play a basic role in supporting a university to run well. However, compared with famous professors, facilities are what work as an aid to help professors to carry out their works including teaching and researching. Thus, they are just secondary factors.

To put it in a nutshell, famous professors far overweigh the facilities and thus the former should be given more consideration in school's budget plan. Mei Yi Qi, one of the presidents of Qinghhua University, once said, "The essence of university does not lie in its buildings but in its masters." Hopefully every university can bear this remark in minds and do not put cart before the horse.
2016-07-22 09:19:51 来自 托福作文咩
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作业二:Nowadays, univeristies in my country seem to be involved in an "arms race." Some of them bulit new campus, new library and new dormitory. This phenomenon triggers a heated debate on which one should be given priority when it comes to investment: facilities or famous professors. From my perspective, famous professors should be the No.1 concern for school authorities. My viewpoint is based on the following reasons and examples. Firstly, I think employing famed professors is more pivotal to cultivating preeminent students than spending money on ameliorating school facilities does. It is known that one of universities' duty is cultivating splendid students. School is supposed to focus on cultivating excellent students. From this point of view, if haring famous professors has a more vital role in cultivating first-class students than spending money on improving facilities does, then spending money on engageing celebrated professors play a more crucial part in cultivating prominent students than spending money on ameliorating school facilities does. For instance, when the confucius gave presentation for his students, there are not bright and spacious classroom and advanced facilities. But he still has cultivated a large of protruding students such as zilu and yanhui. A good case in point, even if advanced facilities are not provided for universities, universities still can cultivate a lot of prominent students by relying on distinguished professors. It is the noted professors that the key to cultivate preeminent students rather than the advanced facilities does. So in terms of universities, spending money on engaging famed professors is more pivital to cultivate splendid students than spending money on ameliorating school facilities does. Secondly, I believe that haring famed professors is more vital for the development of universities than ameliorating universities' facilities is. Because employing celebrated professors contribute to more help for starting research work. Unquestionably, doing research work is one of universities' responsibilities. From this point of view, If engaging distinguish professors is more benefical for the development of research work, then spending money on haring noted professors is more important than spending money on improving universities' facilities is. For instance, qian xue sheng, the first-class professors of former california institute of technology, he lead china's research worker finishing china's first atomic bomb, hydrogen bomb and satellite, which make world amazing. A good case in point, haring famous professors play a more crucial part in developing research work than spending money on ameliorating universities' facilities does. So I hold the opinion that haring famed professors is more pivotal to the development of research work than improving universities' facilities is. Some people believe that there are some advantages in spending money on ameliorating school facilities for universities. For example, improving school facilities is convenient for teachers and students' teachings and lives. However, these are secondary important aspects for universities. What universities really need is hiring renowned professors for cultivating splendid students and carrying out scientific research activities, which is the advantage the improving school facilities can not compare with. So I hold the opinion that employing distinguish professors is more important than improving school facilities is. To put it in a nutshell, famed professors far outweight the facilities and thus the former should be given more consideration in school's budget plan. Mei Yi Qi, one of the presidents of Qinghua university, once said," the essence of university does not lie in its buildings but in its masters." Hopefully every university can bear this remark in minds and do not put cart before horse.
【作业一】 请根据周一到周四的训练,修改之前的内容,写一篇完整的中文作文。作文可以包括一个背景段、两个理由段、一个让步段和一个总结段,也可以包括一个背景段、三个理由段和一个总结段。 最近几年,国内的很多大学在网络上频繁地被报道出花钱建造更多的校区来扩大招生,装修好的宿舍来吸引更多的学生,建造好的图书馆来相互的攀比。这种“军备竞赛”现象在群众中引起了很大的反响,对于大学生来说,到底是花钱雇佣著名的教授重要,还是花钱改善学校设施更重要?从传播思想和开展科研活动来件,我认为对大学来说更重要的是花钱雇佣著名的教授。 虽然改善学校的设施对于大学整体的发展而言是极其重要的,但是衡量一个大学的教学质量关键在于学校的师资力量。从整个教学的发展来谈,著名的教授在个人的道德素养和文化底蕴有着强大的影响力,质量好的老师能帮助学生吸收更多的知识,能够给学生带来更多的挑战。事实也是如此,古希腊时期的苏格拉底在开创了哲学研究的新发现后,他的学生柏拉图在其思想的基础上,不断的提出自己的见解,使哲学理念的发展不断前行。当时并没有先进的设施,甚至连最基本的教室都没有,依旧成就了著名的哲学家柏拉图。所以说,在大学里,拥有一个著名的教授对于学生思维的创新起着重要的作用,著名的教授是学生的指导者。改善学校的基础设施不如雇佣著名的教授。 我之所以认为花钱雇佣著名教授比改善学校设施更重要,是因为与改善学校设施相比,雇佣著名教授对开展科研活动更有帮助。毫无疑问,做好科研工作是大学应该做的事。从这一角度来看,如果著名教授对科研更有用,就意味着雇佣著名教授对大学更重要。邓稼先在美国普渡大学是一名著名的教授,回国之后,尽管国内的设备明显不如国外,但在他的组织下,中国的核武器研制与发展有了很大的成就。这个例子正好说明了著名的教授对科研起到了更重要的作用。所以,我认为花钱雇佣著名教授比改善学校设施更重要。 有人认为花钱改善学校设施对学校也有一些好处。比如改善学校设施可以 改善学生的学习生活条件 。但是,这些只是次要的方面。雇佣著名教授可以 给学生带来先进的思想观念、开展科研活动 ,这些对大学来说非常重要,是改善学校设施比不了的。所以我认为花钱雇佣著名教授更重要。 总的来说,著名教授在优秀学生的培养和科研活动的开展有很重要的作用。所以,对于大学来说,著名教授所起到的作用比学校设施的改善更明显,大学在考虑资金预算的时候,应该更注重雇佣著名教授。 【作业二】 请将你写的中文作文翻译成英文。 In recent years, many universities in China are frequently reported to spend money in building more districts to widen their intake, decorating nice dormitories to attract students and designing wonderful libraries to show off, which are called an “arms race” makes a big voice from the crowd. Which is more important for college students? Hiring famous professors or improving facilities? In the terms of spreading ideas and doing scientific research, I agree that it is more pivotal to hiring famous professors. Despite the fact that improving facilities is very crucial to the total development of a university, how to measure the teaching quality of a university is mainly the qualified teachers.From all the developing teaching, Famous professors have an underestimated influence on their own moral character and cultural background, the teachers who have a better teaching quality not only can they contribute to the students’ better understanding of the knowledge, but also create more challenges. In fact, this is truth. In the Classical period, Socrates started the new findings of philosophy, his student Plato came up with his own ideas on the basis of his teachers, which advanced the development of philosophy.During the period of ancient Greek, without advanced facilities, even classrooms, Plato is still well known in the whole world. As a result, owning a famous professor plays a vital part on the thought innovation of students, famous professors are the leaders of college students. To put it simply, improving facilities is not better than hiring famous professors. The reason why I assume that hiring famous professors has a more vital role than improving facilities does is because hiring famous professors contributes to the development of scientific research, compared with improving facilities. There is no doubt that scientific studies should be well done in a university. From this perspective, Hiring famous professors is more pivotal at college if famous professors are helpful for research projects. Deng Jiaxian, who was a distinguished professor in Purdue University, came back to the ancient land. However, the facilities in our country were not equal to overseas, with his leading, the research and development of china's nuclear weapons. This case exactly illustrates that famous professors play a more important role in scientific research. As a result, from my point of view, hiring famous professors plays a more crucial part than improving facilities does. Many individuals believe that there are some advantages in improving facilities for universities. For instance, improving facilities is able to provide students with an excellent studying and living condition, while this is the secondary aspect. Improving facilities can not equal to hiring famous professors, which has a distinct advantage of introducing advanced ideas and carrying out scientific research, they are indeed quite important. Therefore, as far as I am concerned, hiring famous professors is more pivotal than improving facilities. In general, famous professors have a vital role in fostering excellence students and doing scientific research. As a result, hiring famous professors plays a more obvious part than improving facilities, when considering the capital budget, universities are supposed to hire famous professors.
近些年来,在大学发展这个问题上,出现了两种不同的趋势。一种是投入大量资金进行校园设施的建设,搞“军备竞赛”,比如修建新校区、图书馆、宿舍等等。另一种是高额聘请知名教授来校做演讲、授课、做研究等等。那到底把钱用在校园设施建设上好呢,还是把钱用在聘请知名教授上好呢?我认为从培养人才以及推动整个社会和国家的进步上来讲,大学来说花钱雇佣著名教授更重要。 为什么花钱雇佣著名教授比改善学校设施更重要?我认为,大学生需要的是知识,是精神食粮,再好的设备也比不上著名教授的亲自讲解,这对于培养出优秀的大学生是至关重要的。比如,西南联合大学(NATIONAL SOUTHWEST ASSOCIATEO UNIVERSITY)是中国抗日战争期间设于昆明的一所综合性大学,那时候学校的设备非常简陋,但是依然培养出了一大批优秀人才比如杨振宁和李政道,为中国以至世界的发展作出了贡献。由此可以看出,培养优秀学生的关键在于名师,而不是教学设备,雇佣著名教授对培养学生会起到更加关键的作用。因而,对大学而言,花钱雇佣著名教授比改善学校设施更重要。 为什么我坚信花钱雇佣著名教授比改善学校设施更重要?毫无疑问,做好科研工作是大学应该做的事情。而雇佣著名教授对开展科研活动大有帮助,对提高学校的竞争力也做出很大贡献。从这一角度来看,如果著名教授对科研更有用,就意味着雇佣著名教授对大学更重要。我们的大学以前实力并不怎么样,但是自从引进了一些著名的教授以及院士之后,我们学校的科研成果急剧增加,并且学校的综合实力以及名声也越来越大。这个例子正好说明了著名教授对科研起到了更重要的作用。所以,我认为花钱雇佣著名教授比改善学校设施更重要。 我们必须承认的是,花钱改善学校设施的确对学校也有好处,比如改善学生的学习环境,丰富学生的课余生活。但是这些只是次要方面。大学是用来学习和培养人才的地方,而雇佣教授可以最高效地培养优秀学生、开展科研活动,这是改善学校设施无法相比的。因此我认为花钱雇佣著名教授更重要。 总之,著名教授不仅对培养优秀的社会人才有利,而且在推动整个社会和国家的进步起着至关重要的作用。因而,对于大学来说,著名教授的作用比学校设施更加重要,大学在考虑资金预算的时候,应该更注重雇佣著名教授。 In recently years, there are two different kinds of tendencies about the problem of the development of university in China. On the one hand, Armament race seems to step into universities. Plenty of money is used to improve facilities in campus such as constructing new campus, libraries, dormitories and so on. By contrast, famous professors are hired with much money to give lectures or do some teaching or do some research and so forth. So here comes the question: which one is better, hiring well-known professors or improving facilities? As far as I can tell, I am a big fun of the first mentioned of two. Because from the perspective of cultivating excellent students and even of the advancement of the entire country, spending money in employing eminent professors is the more important. Why is hiring famous professors more important than spending money in improving facilities? As far as I can tell, what university students need is knowledge, in other words, nourishment for the mind. No matter how advanced facilities are, they cannot rival well-known professors’ lecture and teaching in cultivating excellent students. For example, NATIONAL SOUTHWEST ASSOCIATEO UNIVERSITY was a comprehensive university established in the period of Anti-Japanese War. The facilities at that time were rather poor in the campus. However, a number of outstanding students with abilities were brought up such as Yang Zhenning and Li Zhengdao who won the Nobel Prices to make significant contributions to China and even the world. So we can draw a conclusion that it is professors instead of facilities that play a more crucial part in cultivating excellent students. Why am I firmly convinced that spending money in hiring famous professors is more important than improving facilities in campus of university? There is no doubt that focusing on scientific research is one of universities’ responsibilities. Because professors are beneficial to scientific effort and play an vital role in the enhancement of universities as well. From this perspective, nothing can substitute the function of professors since they are irreplaceable to the development of universities. My university is a good example in this point. The comprehensive strength was not as strong as it is today. It is just because some well-known professors and academicians of Chinese Academy of science were introduced into my university, which increased our ability to be better at research work and was in favor of raising the reputation of my university in China. This instance just is an explanation about the effect of employing eminent professors in research. So I hold the opinion that hiring famous professors is ahead of spending money in improving facilities in campus of university. Admittedly speaking, there are some advantages in improving facilities with money in campus such as enhancing the quality of study environment and enriching after-school life and so on. However, that are just secondary aspects. Universities are places where talented people are cultivated, and hiring famous professors can be the most efficiency way to achieve the goal to bring up excellent students and do scientific researches, which out-competes improving school facilities. Therefore, in my opinion, hiring famous professors is ahead of spending money in improving facilities in campus of university. In a word, famous professors can not only be beneficial to bringing up persons of extraordinary abilities, but also play an important role in promoting the advancement of the whole society and country. Hence, professors are above facilities. There is no doubt that it should focus on hiring famous professors when capital budget is taken into consideration.
最近几年,中国的很多大学似乎都进入了一场“军备竞赛”。有的大学修建新校区,有的大学修建图书馆、宿舍等等。这个现象引发了人们的热议,对于大学来说,到底花钱雇佣著名教授更重要,还是花钱改善学校设施更重要?从培养学生和开展科研活动来讲,我认为对大学来说花钱雇佣著名教授更重要。我的理由和例子如下所示。 我认为花钱雇佣著名教授比改善学校设施更重要的原因是,雇佣著名教授对培养优秀学生起到更关键的作用。众所周知,大学的本职工作之一是培养优秀学生,学校应该努力培养优秀学生。从这个角度来讲,如果雇佣著名教授对培养优秀学生起到更关键的作用,那么对大学而言花钱雇佣著名教授就比改善学校设施更重要。事实也确实如此。包豪斯设计学院的早期,没有好的教学设施,但是优秀的老师却培养出了对当代设计影响巨大的一批学生。由此可以看出,培养优秀学生的关键在于名师,而不是教学设备,雇佣著名教授对培养学生会起到更加关键的作用。因而,对大学而言,花钱雇佣著名教授比改善学校设施更重要。 我之所以认为花钱雇佣著名教授比改善学校设施更重要,是因为与改善学校设施相比,雇佣著名教授对开展科研活动更有帮助。毫无疑问,做好科研工作是大学应该做的事。从这一角度来看,如果著名教授对科研更有用,就意味着雇佣著名教授对大学更重要。前加州理工学院著名教授钱学森,回国后在设备明显不如国外的情况下,他带领中国的科研人员研发了中国第一颗原子弹、氢弹和人造卫星,震惊全世界。这个例子正好说明了著名教授对科研起到了更重要的作用。所以,我认为花钱雇佣著名教授比改善学校设施更重要。 有人认为花钱改善学校设施对学校也有一些好处。比如改善学校设施可以方便师生的教学和生活。但是,这些只是次要的方面。大学真正需要的是雇佣著名教授来培养优秀学生、开展科研活动,这是改善学校设施比不了的。所以我认为花钱雇佣著名教授更重要。 总之,著名教授这不仅关系到优秀学生的培养,还关系到科研活动的开展。因而,对于大学来说,著名教授的作用比学校设施更加重要,大学在考虑资金预算的时候,应该更注重雇佣著名教授。 In recent years,many universities in china seem to enter a match like arms race.Some built a new campus,others construct libraries and dormitories.This phenomenon arouses an interesting discussion:which is more important to university,spend money on hiring famous professor or improving the facilities on campus. In my opinion,the first mentioned of two is more important,stand on the aspect of cultivating students and carrying on scientific activities.My reasons and examples are given below. I think the reason why hiring famous professor is more important than improving the facilities of campus are hiring famous professors is more pivotal to cultivate excellent students than spending much money to improve the facilities of the school do.As we all know,one of the own work of the university is foster excellent students and universities should make efforts on that.In this sense,if hiring famous professor play a more vital role in frosting excellent students,it is more important than improving the facilities to university.And the facts also proves that,in the early period of bauhaus,without good teaching condition,excellent teacher cultivating a great number of students who have a great effect on modern design. This could mean that the key of cultivate excellent students is teacher not facilities,which play a more crucial part in cultivating excellent students.In consequence,in university,hiring famous professor is more pivotal than spending money on improving the facilities. The reason why i thought employment of eminent professors has a more vital role than improvement of university infrastructures is that,comparing to the improvement of basic facilities,employing eminent professors are much more helpful in taken scientific activities. Undoubtedly, university is supposed to do scientific study well.In this point of view,if eminent professors are good at scientific research,they are more significant to university. Qian Xuesen,former eminent professor in California Institute of Tec,he came back china and lead the scientific researcher together developing the first atomic bomb,hydrogen bomb and artificial satellite of china,in china’s facilities much backward that foreign countries condition.This example also proof that eminent professors play a more important role in research。 Somebody hold the opinion that university can benefit from improving the facilities of it,which are beneficial to teacher’s and student’s teaching and living.But,those are the secondary aspect.What a university really need is to hiring famous professor to cultivate extraordinary students and carry on scientific activities,thus developing the facilities can’t compared.Therefore, in my opinion hiring famous professors is more important than spending money in improving facilities in university. Overall,famous professors are not only closely linked to cultivate elite students but also related with the making of scientific activities.Thus,for universities,the importance of famous professor is greater than facilities.When university considering capital budget,they should give more concentrate on hiring famous professor.
Recently, many universities in China seem to be caught in a "arms race". Some of the university rebuilt the library while others rebuilt the dormitory. This attract the attention of people about whether it’s important for student of university to improve the equipment or to employ well-know professor. In my opinion, i think to employ well-know professor is more important than improve the equipment. In begin with, to employ famous professors is more important than Improving school facilities does because student mostly love well-know professor more than the equipment in school although school spent the same money on these two thing. The reason why student prefer famous professor is that the student want to learn the knowledge in school instead of enjoy the wonderful facilities. Before the technology development, the university’s equipment were very poor. But there were still many brilliant inventor change the world. So i think, to employ famous professors play a more crucial part in school than Improving school facilities does. Besides, There is no doubt that do high-tech research work is what university should do. Great professor help research work more than equipment. That’s why we all think employing famous professor is more important. For example, Qian xuesen, a great man, before he return China, he has already become a famous professor in US. When he return his homeland, although the equipment were inferior to America, he still lead Scientific researchers in China research the first atomic bomb without other country help. From this affair, we see that equipment won’t effect the development of technology but professor will. So i think, professor is much more important than equipment. Nevertheless, some people think there are some advantages in improving universities' equipment. After all, good equipment will help student learn more information about their subject and enjoy the school time better. But if your school employ a famous professor who can help you solve your problem and improve your ability of learning your subject, you may learn more than others who using the wonderful equipment. Because good professor can tell you more academic knowledge than equipment. That’s the reason why i think University can benefit from employ well-know professor. Generally speaking,famous professor not only help train excellent student but also concern spread scientific research activity. Thus employ well-know professor is much more important than improve equipment. So next time, when university are considering about budget, i suggest to focus on employ great professor.